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C onference for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

C onference for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

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C onference for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

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  1. Conference for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency PowerMex 2008, Mexico 15th October 2008 Hans Eimannsberger German/European experience of industrial energy efficiency programmes

  2. Contents • Short introduction of Investitionsbank Schleswig-Holstein and energy agency • Definition • On the Importance of Energy Efficiency • European and German Framework • Energy Efficiency – Programmes and Measures of the German Government (Selection) • Buildings • Private Households • Commerce and Industry • Summary

  3. Schleswig-Holstein in Europa und Deutschland

  4. Investitionsbank Schleswig-Holstein • Main development bank of the land Schleswig-Holstein • Balance sheet total 11,1 Mrd. € • New business volume 1,7 Mrd. € • 410 employees • 60 Products und Services (Municipalities,Business, Real Estate) • Energy Agency • EU-assistance/Euro Info Centre, INTERREG, PPP-Competence-centre,

  5. The Energy Agency: History • 1991 Founding of the Energy Agency as part of the Investitionsbank Schleswig-Holstein • Aims • Implementation of the energy concept of the Federal State • Improvement of Climate Protection • Rational and economical use of energy • Increasing the usage of renewable energy sources • Employees • Engineers with diverse specialisation, Agronoms, Geographers etc.

  6. The Energy Agency: Scope of consulting • Neutral Advice and Project management in the following areas: • Energy management / Energy controlling • Refurbishment of buildings (concept, selection of planner,realisation) • Contracting / Financing • Economic Energy production (Object-BHKW) • Usage of renewable Energy (Wind, Biomass, Geothermia, Solar) • Tendering for energy supply • Energy efficiency for industry and SME • Preparation of Expertises for lenders, Project financers and real estate owners

  7. Germany – in the Heart of Europe • Area: 357,031 km² • Inhabitants: 82.4 Mio. • Currency: 1 EUR = 1.48 $ • Gross National Income: 2,318.83 billion EUR Source Map: MYGEO

  8. Structure of the economic Systems (1) • Structure of the economic system in Germany (GDP) 2007

  9. Structure of the economic Systems (2) • Structure of the economic system in Mexico (GDP) 2007

  10. Quelle: neue energie 12/2007 u. OMV Progression of energy demand • The energy-demand is increasing • Fossil fuels are the backbone of the energy production • The economic dependance to the OECD-countries is also raising • Renewable energies - wind energy and solar energy - are expanding • The CO2- Emissions should be reduced by a lot of different measures

  11. 0.6 Global air temperature 2007 anormaly +0.40°C (8th warmest on record) 0.4 0.2 Temperature anormaly (°C) 0.0 -0.2 -0.4 -0.6 1860 1880 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 Why Energy Efficiency? Source: Climatic Research Unit UEA Norwich, 2008

  12. Definitions • Energy Efficiency: Achieving the required energy output with as little energy consumption as possible or The ratio of energy input to output within a system • Energy saving: The practice of reducing the amount of primary or secondary energy used

  13. Light fuel oil Natural gas Electricity Wood pellets 180 160 140 120 100 Jan 03 Jun 03 Jan 04 Jun 04 Jan 05 Jun 05 Jan 06 Jun 06 Dez 06 Why Energy Efficiency? Development of price indices • Fuel oil: Trend + 19% p.a. • Natural gas: Trend + 11% p.a. • Electricity: Trend + 5% p.a. • Wood pellets Trend + 3% p.a. Index Jan 2003 = 100 Source: DENA, Germa Energy Agency, Statistisches Bundesamt, 2006

  14. Why Energy Efficiency? - German Energy Market • Characteristics… • High Dependance on Imports: 74 % in total • 97 % Petroleum • 83 % Gas • 61 % Hard Coal • 100 % Uranium • …and Challenges • Security of Supply • Finite fossil-fuel resources • Climate Protection Promotion of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency as one instrument of German energy policy

  15. EE-Policy in Europe and Germany + EE-Targets… • German Coalition Agreement (November 2005)Doubling of Energy Productivity from 1990 until 2020 • EU Directive on Energy Efficiency (May 2006)9% Savings of Final Energy in a base period until 2016 • EU Action Plan Energy Efficiency (October 2006)20% Reduction of Primary Energy Consumption • German Energy Efficiency Action Plan (November 2007) • Accentuation of energetic requirements of buildings • Rise of energy efficiency of public buildings • Top Runner strategy • Energy services in the industry sector …

  16. Governmental Instruments and Programmes About 70 single measures on federal level: sectoral and cross-sectoral legal framework market-based: taxes, information, consulting, labels voluntary agreements Instru- ments innovation support programmes financial support programmes Source: BmWi 2006

  17. Governmental Instruments and Programmes Legal Framework Energy Consumption Labelling Law Renewable Energy Act (EEG) Eco Tax Law Energy Efficiency Energy Economy Act (EnWG) Tendering procedures (VOB/VOL) Energy SavingAct (EnEG) Energy Saving Ordiance (EnEV) Legislation for: CHP,Federal Emissions Prevention, Emissions Trading

  18. Governmental Instruments and Programmes Focus: Buildings Approaches for increase of energy efficiency in buildings • Legal Requirements for buildings • Obligation of replacement • Key instrument: EnEV • Loans and subsidies • Tax incentives • Key instrument: Building Refurbishment Programme • Creation of market transparency • Pilot projects • Information • Qualification of experts Regulatory policy Financial support Promotion Source: eclareon adapted from dena presentation

  19. Governmental Instruments and Programmes Focus: Buildings Total energy use in private households in Germany: 78 % of consumption is used for heating Source: Prognos: Potentiale für Energieeinsparung und Energieeffizienz im Lichte aktueller Entwicklungen, 31.8.2007, S. 33

  20. Governmental Instruments and Programmes Key Instrument: EnEV Energy Saving Act (EnEG) from the 22nd July 1976 • Thermal Ordinance (WSVO) • WSVO 1977 • WSVO 1984 • WSVO 1995 Heating Costs Ordinance • Heating Facility Ordinance • HeizAnlV 1978 • HeizAnlV 1982 • HeizAnlV 1998 • Energy Saving Ordinance (EnEV) • EnEV 2002 • EnEV 2004 EU-Buildings Directive (EPBD) Energy Saving Act (EnEG) Energy Saving Ordinance(EnEV) 2007

  21. Governmental Instruments and Programmes • Introduction of Energy Performance Certificates • Sale, Renting or Leasing of buildings • On the basis of energy consumption or energy demand • Obligation to introduce until 01.07.2008/01.01.2009 resp. 01.07.2009 • Obligation of notice in certain public buildings • Recommendations for retrofits have to be attached • Introduction of an obligatory inspection of air conditioners • Taking into account the energy demand • of air conditioners in all buildings • of lighting facilities in non-residential buildings The most important innovations of the EnEV 2007 EnEV 2007

  22. Governmental Instruments and Programmes Focus: Buildings The Energy Performance Certificate • Obligatory from 01.Juli 2008 • House Owners have to present the certificate to proof the energetic quality when they rent, sell or lease their property

  23. CO2 Building Rehabilitation Programme of KfW 1,4 billion € p.a. for 3 years Since 01.01.2007 also grants (in addition to loans) Ecological Construction Programme of KfW Long-term low-interest financing for the construction of new KfW Energy-Saving Houses 40 and 60, passive houses and heating systems Governmental Instruments and Programmes Focus: Buildings Source: KFW Förderbank 01/2007

  24. Governmental Programmes and Programmes Focus: Private Households • Domestic Appliances (EU Label) • very succesful in Germany • strong Signals for Producers • Implementation of Classes A+ andA++ for Cooling Units Incentive for Producers Source: BMWi, Stinglwanger, Nat. Strategien zur Steigerung der Energieeffizienz 11/2006

  25. Governmental Programmes and Programmes Focus: Private Households • Energy Consulting of the Consumer Advice Centers • In more than 400 places around Germany • Questions on heat insulation • Control systems • Saving of electricity • Heat pumps • Support programmes … Source: VZBV 2008

  26. Governmental Programmes and Programmes Focus: Commerce and Industry Initial Position: Energy Saving Potential between 5 % and 20 % in SMEs • Annual Energy Costs • 3.000 - 9.000 € with 1-9 employees • 7.000 - 24.000 € with 10-19 employees • 32.000 - 240.000 € with 20-49 employees Source: Fraunhofer Institut ISI 2007 and KfW

  27. Special Fund on Energy Efficiency for SMEs (KfW since 2008) Governmental Programmes and Programmes Focus: Commerce and Industry • Implementation of Energy • Efficiency Measures • low interest credits for measures with min. 10% -20 % energy savings • up to 100% of the eligible investment costs, max. 10 mill. € • Consultancy on Energy • Efficiency • grants to the amount of max. 80 % of the costs for independent and qualified energy consultancies Source: KfW Förderbank 2007

  28. German EE-Achievements Primary Energy Consumption in Germany 2006/2007 -9,7% Total 5,0% -4,5% 1,5% 2,8% -16,1% 14,6% 13,6% 0,8% Source: BMWI

  29. 16000 temperature adjustment 15500 15000 actual development PJ 14500 14000 13500 13000 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 German EE-Achievements Development of Primary Energy Consumption in Germany Source: AG Energiebilanzen, Deutscher Wetterdienst

  30. 9,0 8,5 8,0 7,5 GJ/1000€ GDP(2000) 7,0 Primary energy consumption per item GDP 6,5 6,0 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 German EE-Achievements Specific Primary Energy Consumption in Germany Source: BMWI

  31. German EE-Achievements Energy-related CO2 Emisssions in Germany Source: BMWI

  32. Energy Efficiency – Key Factors of Success • Setting clear objectives • Targeting sectors and branches • Implemeting mandatory and voluntary agreements • Offering support programmes Source image: BMU

  33. ...heating distribution... Examples Necessity of reconstruction... ...lightning

  34. Examples Hot water circulation pump Air conditioning (build in 1913)

  35. Examples Boiler and CHP-modul Heating distribution

  36. Constraints • Despite of • large possibilites for efficiency • the chance of lead markets • the possible improvement of competitive ability is the industrial efficiency increase just in the beginning Constraints are: • Ratio of energy costs: • normally has a small part of production costs (average 1,6 %) • is often considered as given and unavoidable • Difficult cost estimation: • in substitution of production processes and practice • investments for energy efficiency are hard to isolate • impact on productivity and quality • costs are often not carefully calculated or are allocated to the energetical benefit Source: ENBW

  37. Conclusion 1 • The industry has • great chances to reduce the energy demand • rentable efficiency potentials due to re-investments by a strong benefit from research and development. There are very different industries and processes, so every country and its industrial situation has to be analyzed accurately to find specific solutions. The german industry has a lot of know-how in these topics and is very interested to offer this know-how to other countries. Source: E. Jochem, H. Bradke:Energiewirtschaftliche Tagesfragen, Heft 4, April 2005, Seite 220 ff

  38. Conclusion 2 but… • Energy efficiency is the most important resource we have • The energy we can save must not be acquired • The energy we can save must not be paid The future is more the reduction of energy costs as the reduction of energy prices. The increase of energy efficiency leads to a saving of costs automatically. Source: E. Jochem, H. Bradke:Energiewirtschaftliche Tagesfragen, Heft 4, April 2005, Seite 220 ff

  39. Energy EfficiencyCooperation for Sustainability Further Information Information on current events and fairs, case studies, branch news, presentations and information on EE: www.efficiency-from-germany.info

  40. Thank you very much for your attention! Hans Eimannsberger Leiter Energieagentur Tel. (04 31) 99 05 - 36 60 hans.eimannsberger@ib-sh.de Investitionsbank Schleswig-Holstein, Fleethörn 29 - 31, 24103 Kiel Fax: (04 31) 9905 - 36 52, www.ib-sh.de