Food Chains • Food chains show which organisms eat other organisms Grass Rabbit Fox • The arrows show the transfer of energy from one organism to the next.
Producers - organisms which can make their own energy from carbon dioxide and water using sunlight for energy (plants) • Primaryconsumer - organisms which eat producers (herbivores) • Secondaryconsumers - organisms which eat primary consumers (carnivores) • Tertiaryconsumers - organisms which eat secondary consumers (carnivores)
Each level of a food chain is known as a trophic level • Food chains always start with a producer. Producers are always on the first trophic level.
FoodChains Each level of a food chain is known as a trophic level Barn owl Tertiary consumer Fourth trophic level Wood mouse Third trophic level Secondary consumer Bark beetle Second trophic level Primary consumer Oak Tree First trophic level Producer
Food Web 1. Write down two food chains from this food web.
Questions 1. What will happen to the number of clown fish if the sharks become vegetarian? 2. What effect will this have on the number of zooplankton? 3. What will happen to the Blue Regal fish if a disease wipes out the small invertebrates.
Pyramids of Number • Food chains and food webs show the feeding relationships in a community. But they do not tell us howmany living organisms are involved. • It takes many plants to feed a herbivore, and many herbivores to feed one carnivore.
On the coral reef, there are 25 great white sharks. These 25 sharks feed on 1,100 clown fish. The clown fish feed on 15,000 algae. Can you draw a pyramid of numbers to show this food chain? Use a scale of 1 mm for each 100 organisms to draw the pyramid to scale.