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Long-Distance Relationships

Long-Distance Relationships

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Long-Distance Relationships

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  1. Long-DistanceRelationships

  2. Why do people maintain LDRs?Carpenter & Knox 1986

  3. Why do people maintain LDRs?Carpenter & Knox 1986 • Females • emotionally involved / commitment • Males • dating other women • comparisons confirm commitment to LDR

  4. Conditions for Effective LDRs?Gerstel, 1976 • Money • Flexible Work Schedule • Mobility of work-related materials. • Willingness on part of both parties

  5. Costs/Benefits of LDRs?Gerstel & Gross 1982 • Costs • trivial everyday talk / planned leisure activities • Benefits • relationship given priority when together • more time invested in relationship • household chores shared more often • learn to do things normally done by spouse

  6. Quality of LDR vs. GCR?Dellman-Jenkins, Bernard-Paolucci, & Rushing 1994 • Males less satisfied than females in both types of relationships

  7. Communication Research

  8. Shared MeaningStephen 1986 • Verbal / vocal channel • aided LDR couples in created shared meaning • Phone Conversations #1 • more frequently LDR couples engaged in phone talk, the stronger their shared meaning

  9. Amount of Communication?Stafford & Reske 1990 • Restricted comm + Relational images • Face-to-face interaction detrimental to relationship

  10. Quality of LDR interactions?Westerfield & Liddell 1982 • Hyperconscious of time mgt • Higher quality interaction expectations Uncertainty in LDR relationships (Emmers & Canary, 1996) Unfaithfulness, 3rd party competition, geographic distance