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Line-by-Line

Line-by-Line

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Line-by-Line

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  1. Line-by-Line The strategic importance of organization Weber & Hassan

  2. Overview • What is line-by-line and why is it important? • Tricks of the trade: • Grouping • Extending • Cross-application • Flowing and by-line argumentation

  3. What is line-by-line • Literally, a “line-by-line” response to the opponent’s arguments (especially important in key speeches like the 1AR) • Contextualizing the clash: • Reference the opponent’s argument • Ordered according to the flow (answer in the order offered; likewise, flow in the order offered) • Efficient argumentation

  4. Grouping • Grouping similar arguments and answering them with a block of responses • CAUTION: Don’t over-group • Be sure arguments have the same warrants • Provide a similar causal explanation • Preempt attempts to answer by ungrouping • Put multiple independent responses on each group (why should the response warrants be independent?)

  5. Extending • Pulling across previously cited evidence or analytics to answer arguments • Reference by author/claim, but ALWAYS extend data and warrants • Impact it! Don’t make the judge do the work for you. Why does your extension matter in their decision calculus? (Especially important with drops)

  6. Cross-application • Bringing arguments from one part of the flow or bear on another • USE YOUR 1AC EVIDENCE STRATEGICALLY • Example: cross-applying an I/C card on spending to the U on elections (“economic considerations K/T consumer confidence” explains why Obama can’t win in 2012) • Make sure your cross-applications are consistent (don’t C/A a link turn to an argument with an impact turn)

  7. LBL Basics CASE FLOW

  8. LBL Basics (1NC) CASE FLOW

  9. LBL Basics (2AC) CASE FLOW SPENDING DA

  10. LBL Basics (Neg Block) CASE FLOW SPENDING DA