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ALCOHOL PowerPoint Presentation

ALCOHOL

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ALCOHOL

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  1. ALCOHOL

  2. ALCOHOL • Depressant- slows central nervous system • Ethanol- the alcohol in all alcoholic drinks • Intoxication- body is poisoned by alcohol causing significant impairment- drunk • Alcohol Abuse- excessive use of alcohol

  3. Short Term Effects • Movement impaired • Vision impaired • Slurred speech • Judgment impaired • Heart rate and blood pressure can become irregular • Blood vessels expand causing body temperature to drop • Inflames liver • Dehydration due to increased urine output

  4. Consequences

  5. Long Term Effects • Alcoholism • Brain damage, memory problems • Liver problems- fatty liver, cirrhosis, hepatitis • High blood pressure • Heart damage- heart attack, stroke • Kidney problems • Digestive problems- ulcers • Financial, job, social functioning, family problems

  6. Alcohol Poisoning • A severe, potentially fatal reaction to alcohol overdose • Can shut down breathing and gag reflex • Symptoms- mental confusion, stupor, coma, vomiting, seizures, slow breathing, irregular heartbeat, low body temperature • Get help- call 911, do not leave them to ”Sleep it off”

  7. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

  8. FAS Damage

  9. Alcohol Abuse • Binge drinking- 5 or more drinks in one sitting • Drinking to get drunk • Blackouts • Domestic Violence • DUI • Alcoholism- stages • Abuse • Dependence • Addiction

  10. Influences on Alcohol Use • Family • Peer Pressure • Media

  11. Effects on Individuals • Body Size and Gender- Females are affected faster than males, smaller people affected more quickly than larger people. Males have an enzyme females do not have, that breaks down alcohol more quickly • Food in the stomach- slows passage of alcohol • Amount and rate of intake • Mood, emotions • Age- teens become intoxicated more easily than adults

  12. Blood Alcohol Concentration

  13. Alcohol Equivalencies

  14. Alcohol Types & % Alcohol

  15. BAC according to weight

  16. DUI costs & consequences

  17. DUI Consequences

  18. Statistics • According to the NIDA • 2009- 51.9% of those over age 12 used alcohol within the last 30 days • 2009- 23.7 % binge drank, 6.8% drank heavily at least 5 times in the last 30 days • 2010- in the last 30 days- • 13.8% 8th graders drank, 5% got drunk • 28.9% 10th graders drank, 14.7% got drunk • 41.2% of 12th graders, 26.8% got drunk

  19. Works Cited • Glencoe Health 2005 Ch. 22 • Only the Strong Survive, “Costs”, http://www2.courtinfo.ca.gov/stopteendui/parents/cost/how-much-does-a-dui-cost.cfm • Google images, fasface, • NIDA / “Alcohol” http://www.drugabuse.gov/