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The Future of Enterprise Architecture - Towards the Coherent Enterprise PowerPoint Presentation
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The Future of Enterprise Architecture - Towards the Coherent Enterprise

The Future of Enterprise Architecture - Towards the Coherent Enterprise

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The Future of Enterprise Architecture - Towards the Coherent Enterprise

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  1. John Gøtze The Future of Enterprise Architecture- Towards the Coherent Enterprise

  2. In the Beginning ... • Imagine an enterprise that had not heard of EA. • It is operational (sort of)‏ • It produces and uses information (there are artefacts) • No enterprise wide coherence (at best accidental coherence)‏ Business EA Not applied IT Existing Enterprise

  3. Information Indecision • Too much information • Too much complexity • Too many challenges • Too little time • Business Intelligence vs. Intelligent Business

  4. Conditions • The Constancy of Change • Lewis Caroll’s Red Queen: "in this place it takes all the running you can do, to keep in the same place.” • Neurath's Boat • ”We are like sailors who on the open sea must reconstruct their ship but are never able to start afresh from the bottom.”

  5. Disruption

  6. = 0 Alignment ”Remember Your Vector Math!”

  7. Agility

  8. Assurance

  9. EA = ? • Everything Aligned • Enabled Agility • Embedded Assurance • ... Coherency Management 10

  10. Occam's Razor • "All other things being equal, the simplest solution is the best."

  11. Ross, Weill & Robertson:“Enterprise Architecture as Strategy”

  12. Five elements • Strategic Initiatives • Operating Model • Enterprise Architecture • Engagement Model • Foundation for execution • The IT infrastructure and digitized business processes automating a company’s core capabilities.

  13. Operating Model

  14. Operating Model • Single point of contact • Begins with customers • Synergy and Responsiveness • Begins with processes, customers and shared services • Economies of scale • Begins with shared services • Scalability • Begins with processes

  15. N=1 & R=G

  16. Deploy Manage Invent Offload Fund next innovation Geoffrey Moore's Cycle of Innovation Core Context Mission Critical II III I IV Non-Mission-Critical

  17. Strategy Technology Business 25

  18. Foundation Architecture EA 1.0 • Use of EA to ensure Alignment of Business & IT • Capture Understanding of Business • Target: Systems Architecture and Design • Valuable and the most practiced form of EA Understand the Business Business Captured and Designed Captured Not applied IT Design Systems EA Addition Existing Enterprise

  19. EA Methodology EA Best Practices EA Framework EA Artifacts EA Tools & Repository ”Complete” EA Approach • A “complete” EA approach must have all of these elements, which are specifically designed to work together in the context of the (IT) governance process. (IT)‏ Governance Carnegie Mellon University

  20. Scott Bernard's EA3 Cube

  21. Strategic Level – Strategic Plan – Future Operating Scenarios ™ – Balanced Scorecard Goals and Measures • Business Level – Business Plan (E - Commerce Plan / E - Government Plan)‏ – Business Requirements Use Cases – Business Case – Investment Portfolio – Business Process Management Applications – Business Process Reengineering / Improvement • Technology Level – Service Oriented Architecture – Object - Oriented Data Modeling/Application Development – Network - Centric Systems Engineering – Enterprise Resource Planning Systems Lines of Business Lines of Business Lines of Business Lines of Business Network Network Network Network – Network Management Applications Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Network Network Network Network – Security Architecture Goals & Goals & Goals & Goals & Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Network Network Network Network C C C C Initiatives Initiatives Initiatives Initiatives O O O O Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Network Network Network Network Strategy Strategy Strategy Strategy M M M M Products & Products & Products & Products & Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure P P P P Network Network Network Network O O O O Services Services - - - - Services Services N N N N Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Network Network Network Network E E E E Data & Data & Business Business Data & Data & Infrastructure Infrastructure Business Business Infrastructure Infrastructure N N N N Network Network Network Network Security, Standards, Workforce Security, Standards, Workforce T T T T Security, Standards, Workforce Security, Standards, Workforce Information Information Information Information S S S S Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Network Network Network Network – – – – Systems & Systems & Systems & Systems & Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Network Network Network Network Applications Applications Applications Applications Technology Technology Technology Technology Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Network Network Network Network Networks & Networks & Networks & Networks & Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure EA Management Plan EA Management Plan Future EA Views Future EA Views EA Standards EA Standards EA Program EA Program EA Tutorial EA Tutorial Site Map Site Map EA Management Plan EA Management Plan Future EA Views Future EA Views EA Standards EA Standards EA Program EA Program EA Tutorial EA Tutorial Site Map Site Map Enterprise Architecture Repository Enterprise Architecture Repository Enterprise Architecture Repository Enterprise Architecture Repository Goals Goals Products Products Data & Data & Systems & Systems & Networks & Networks & Security Security Goals Goals Products Products Data & Data & Systems & Systems & Networks & Networks & Security Security Current EA Current EA Current EA Current EA & Initiatives & Initiatives & Initiatives & Initiatives & Services & Services & Services & Services Information Information Information Information Applications Applications Applications Applications Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Solutions Solutions Solutions Solutions Views Views Views Views High High High High Strategic Strategic Business Business Knowledge Knowledge Business Business Wide Area Wide Area Security Security Strategic Strategic Business Business Knowledge Knowledge Business Business Wide Area Wide Area Security Security Level Level Level Level Plan Plan Plan Plan Warehouse Warehouse Systems Systems Network Network Program Program Plan Plan Plan Plan Warehouse Warehouse Systems Systems Network Network Program Program View View View View Mid Mid Mid Mid Goals & Goals & Business Business Information Information Support Support Local Area Local Area System System Goals & Goals & Business Business Information Information Support Support Local Area Local Area System System Level Level Level Level Initiatives Initiatives Processes Processes Flows Flows Systems Systems Network Network Certifications Certifications Initiatives Initiatives Processes Processes Flows Flows Systems Systems Network Network Certifications Certifications View View View View Detailed Detailed Detailed Detailed Performance Performance Investment Investment Data Data Application Application Buildings Buildings Data Data Performance Performance Investment Investment Data Data Application Application Buildings Buildings Data Data Measures Measures Portfolio Portfolio Dictionary Dictionary Inventory Inventory & Equipment & Equipment Privacy Privacy Measures Measures Portfolio Portfolio Dictionary Dictionary Inventory Inventory & Equipment & Equipment Privacy Privacy View View View View Scott Bernard's EA3 Cube S + B + T EA Methodology EA EA Best Practices Artifacts EA Tools & Repository

  22. Foundation Architecture • Provides Excellent Value • Some implementations are simply IT Architecture at the Enterprise Level • In some cases this is all you need for a particular investment.

  23. Saint- Exupéry

  24. FEA Practice Guide, OMB 2006. http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/egov/documents/FEA_Practice_Guidance.pdf

  25. EA Transition Planning An enterprise architecture is in continual transition as implementation and upgrade projects are completed. Needs coordination, prioritization, and oversight. ”We need a plan”.

  26. Forward-Looking Architecture • One of the purposes of an EA program is to develop future views of the architecture

  27. EA is (like) Urban Planning • Many stakeholders • Many layers • Big projects • Money • Time • Extent • A “discipline” • Science • Practice

  28. Enterprise Architecture 2.0 • Approaches can scale from local to global. • CEO wants to own and use the architecture. • Integrates Strategic, Business, and Technology Planning. • Moving from Documentation to Analysis, to Design -- supported by better tools/artifacts. • More standards on terms and methods from international and national bodies. • More case studies of good and bad EA in the public and private sector. 39

  29. Non-IT use of EA Support Coherence Generally (e.g. Policy Alignment)‏ Enables ‘Enterprise Engineering’ Less practiced form but arguably more valuable than foundation Extended Architecture EA 2.0 Design Business Captured and Designed Business Captured Not applied IT Design Systems EA Addition Existing Enterprise

  30. Traditional Business Architecture: Capturing business requirements to build systems Results in solutions aligned to business New Business Architecture: Design the business to achieve desired business outcomes Results in business aligned to purpose Extended Architecture Think business “Purpose” not just business “Process”

  31. The use of EA by non-IT and IT in normal processes. Architecture is already there, so an enterprise’s architecture should NOT be developed as a project. It should be leveraged. Find these key descriptive processes, apply EA structure to those artefacts and enable alignment. Embedded Architecture EA 3.0 Align Those Doing Business Design Business Captured and Designed Captured Structured IT EA Addition Align Those Doing IT Design Existing Enterprise

  32. Embedded Architecture • Implications • EA becomes the task of the CxO Leaders • Alignment Support is the Chief Architect’s Responsibility • 'Built-Out' effort gets reduced because we get to reuse 'Built-In' artefacts. Example: When starting transformation of a policy center because of new political direction we would: Previously – Begin the process of properly capturing the “As Is”. Now – We simply get the “As Is” from the artefacts updated through regular process (e.g. Annual Plans, Budgets…). Motto: Find It, Structure It, and Align It

  33. Balanced EA Ubiquitous, embedded architecture ”Way of Life” Living architecture, ever-green Solid foundation Strategic alignment Alignment, Agility AND Assurance Coherent enterprise

  34. Gary Hamel Management innovation Our enterprises have '21st-century, Internet-enabled business processes, mid-20th-century management processes, all built atop 19th-century management principles' Management 2.0 New Management DNA

  35. May 2008

  36. Foundation Architecture Alignment of Business & IT EA 1.0 Understand the Business Business Captured Not applied IT Captured and Designed Design Systems EA Addition Existing Enterprise 50