A Presence Abroad: The U.S. Perspective Madeleine F. Green Vice President for International InitiativesAmerican Council on Education
Definitions, definitions • Cross-border • Transnational • Borderless • Offshore
Different Terms: Converging Definitions • “….higher education that takes place in situations where the teacher, student, program, institution/provider or course materials cross national jurisdictional borders.” UNESCO and OECD, 2005
Zeroing In • Degree programs delivered abroad for non-U.S. students • Branch campuses
Defining a Branch Campus • Physical presence (but how much?) • Multiple programs • Bears name of home institution • Degree/certification from home institution • Partner institution or organization?
Motivations: The Pull of Opportunities • Increased demand for higher education worldwide • Appeal of a foreign education at home • Favorable government policies • Rise of English language instruction
Motivations: The Push of Institutional Goals • Pursuing revenue • Enhancing prestige • Advancing internationalization • Advancing a service mission
Models: Webster University • Funded by the institution • Campuses in • Vienna, Austria • Shanghai, China • Leiden, The Netherlands • Cha-am, Thailand • London, U.K.
Webster: Vienna Campus • BA in a broad range of fields • BS in Business Administration, Computer Science • MA in HR management, International Business, International Relations, Marketing • MS in Finance • MBA
Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar • Founded 2001 • First US medical school to offer its degree outside of the U.S. • Agreement with Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development
Cornell • Six-year curriculum (2 pre-med) • Same admission standards and curriculum as U.S. • Dean reports to Dean of Cornell Medical School • Cornell Boards of Trustees and Overseers provide oversight of the curriculum • Qatar Foundation oversees facilities • Joint advisory board
Florida State University Panama • Founded 1999 (had a presence before) • Offers Associate’s and BA degrees • Computer Science, Environmental Science, Information Science, International Affairs, Latin American and Caribbean Studies, Social Sciences • Full campus
Missouri State University in China • Founded in 2000 • Two-year program offered by Missouri State-West Plains in Dalian, China leading to Associate’s Degree • Agreement with Liaoning Normal University to establish branch on its campus • Also offers B.S. through Business School
Programs: University of Chicago School of Business Executive MBA • Campuses in London and Singapore • Founded in 1994 • London and Singapore admit annual cohort of 80 students • Same curriculum as Chicago campus taught in 16 one-week modules • Same faculty
Baruch University: Executive MS • Locations in China (under development), Paris (in partnership with the American U in Paris), Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore, Israel • Offers MS in Finance, Management of Human Resources, Accounting, Marketing, Computer Information Systems
Twinning: Ansal Institute of Technology, India • Agreements with Coastal Carolina University; Tarleton State University, Clemson University, North Dakota State University • Final 2-4 semesters in U.S. partner institution, receive U.S. degree.
Issues for Leaders • Big Questions • Why? • Where? (opportunities and regulatory environment) • U.S. accreditation issues
Strategic Decisions • Policy and Strategy • Fit with mission • Partner? • Financial risk/commitment • Academic Issues • Which programs • What delivery • Who will teach?
Strategic Decisions • Academic Issues • Quality monitoring • Financial and Administrative Issues • Who will be responsible for planning and implementation • Target student population? • Investments? • Staffing at home and abroad
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