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The Trona Cloud Featuring OCI, FMC, General Chemical, and Solvay Minerals PowerPoint Presentation
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The Trona Cloud Featuring OCI, FMC, General Chemical, and Solvay Minerals

The Trona Cloud Featuring OCI, FMC, General Chemical, and Solvay Minerals

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The Trona Cloud Featuring OCI, FMC, General Chemical, and Solvay Minerals

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  1. The Trona CloudFeaturingOCI, FMC, General Chemical, and Solvay Minerals “Left Click” to Next Slide

  2. The Trona CloudFeaturingOCI, FMC, General Chemical, and Solvay Minerals “Left Click” to Next Slide

  3. The Trona Cloud Stretches for Hundreds of Miles in Southwest Wyoming as well as into the High Uinta’s Wilderness Area in Northern Utah “Left Click” to Next Slide

  4. N The Trona Cloud(Looking East, 15 Miles West of the Nearest Soda Ash Facility) W E W “Left Click” to Next Slide

  5. N The Trona Cloud(Looking North-East, 40 Miles West of the Nearest Soda Ash Facility) W E W “Left Click” to Next Slide

  6. N The Trona Cloud(Looking North, 40 Miles West of the Nearest Soda Ash Facility) W E W

  7. N The Trona Cloud(Looking North-West, 40 Miles West of the Nearest Soda Ash Facility) W E W “Left Click” to Next Slide

  8. What is the Trona Cloud? “Left Click” to Next Slide

  9. Sweetwater County Soda Ash Plants Process Wyoming Trona Into Soda Ash. “Left Click” to Next Slide

  10. Sweetwater County Soda Ash Plants Process Wyoming Trona Into Soda Ash. • Approximately 13 Million tons of Soda Ash are Produced Each Year by 4 Producers. “Left Click” to Next Slide

  11. Soda Ash Producers burn Thousands of Tons of Coal Each Day to Convert Trona into Soda Ash. “Left Click” to Next Slide

  12. The Soda Ash Producers also Calcine, or Heat, Thousands of Tons of Oil Shale Each Year Releasing Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPS). “Left Click” to Next Slide

  13. Soda ash production facilities heat Trona-oil shale to several hundred degrees. At these temperatures, water boils and is released as a vapor. Hot Gases at 350 - 400F Soda Ash Plants 25 million tons / year Trona-Oil Shale “Left Click” to Next Slide

  14. As the hot vapors contact colder air, the vapors condense…like a car's exhaust on a cold day… Colder Air Trona Cloud of Condensing Vapors Hot Gases at 350 - 400F Soda Ash Plants 25 million tons / year Trona-Oil Shale “Left Click” to Next Slide

  15. Many hazardous chemicals like benzene (boiling point 176F), a knowncarcinogen, are also boiled and condensed within the trona cloud… Colder Air 2 Million Lbs/Yr Hazardous Air Pollutants Hot Gases at 350 - 400F Soda Ash Plants 25 million tons / year Trona-Oil Shale “Left Click” to Next Slide

  16. …this results in Trona Cloud fog (i.e. benzene fog). Colder Air 2 Million Lbs/Yr Hazardous Air Pollutants Soda Ash Plants 25 million tons / year Trona-Oil Shale “Left Click” to Next Slide

  17. Colder Air This also results in Trona Cloud rain (i.e. benzene rain). 2 Million Lbs/Yr Hazardous Air Pollutants Soda Ash Plants 25 million tons / year Trona-Oil Shale “Left Click” to Next Slide

  18. The soda ash plants are located along the Green River Valley, a natural bowl… Solvay OCI FMC General Chemical “Left Click” to Next Slide

  19. Experts believe that air quality is deteriorating at an alarming rate due to the processing of more oil shale, as the mines are depleting their underground trona resources…. Solvay OCI FMC General Chemical “Left Click” to Next Slide

  20. The Green River Valley…is described by some experts as a “natural bowl of toxic chemical soup”…. Solvay OCI FMC General Chemical “Left Click” to Next Slide

  21. According to EPA Data, Approximately 2 Million Lbs. of Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPS) are Released by the Soda Ash Producers Each Year. “Left Click” to Next Slide

  22. Trona Cloud HAPS (2 Million Lbs Per Year) 1,3-Butadiene Acetaldehyde Acetophenone Acrolein Acrylonitrile Antimony Compounds Arsenic Compounds Asbestos Benzene Beryllium Compounds Biphenyl Bis(2-Ethylhexyl)Phthalate Cadmium Compounds Carbon Disulfide Chlorobenzene Chromium Compounds Cobalt Compounds Cumene Dibenzofuran Ethylbenzene Ethylene Dichloride Formaldehyde Hexane Hydrochloric Acid Hydrogen Fluoride Isophorone Lead Compounds Manganese Compounds Mercury Compounds Methyl Chloride Methyl Chloroform Methyl Ethyl Ketone Methylene Chloride Nickel Compounds Perchloroethylene Phenol Polycyclic Organic Matter Polycyclic Organic Matter as 16-PAH Propionaldehyde Selenium Compounds Styrene Toluene Trichloroethylene Xylenes (Mixed Isomers) “Left Click” to Next Slide