Download
east asia n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
East Asia PowerPoint Presentation

East Asia

151 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

East Asia

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. East Asia

  2. Lesson Objectives • Explain the population characteristics, culture, and territory situations of China and Japan • Describe characteristics of Confucianism and Daoism • Analyze positives and negatives of China’s One Child Policy • Formulate an opinion regarding China’s One Child Policy

  3. Confucius Says… Man who run in front of car get tired Man who run behind car get exhausted Man who keep feet firmly on the ground have trouble putting on pants Man with one chopstick go hungry

  4. China • Physical Characteristics • Land area = about the size of the United States • Physiographic Regions • North China Plain • Southeast Uplands • Tibetan Plateau • Northwest China

  5. Water Resources • Huang He (Yellow) River • Loess soils • Very fertile • Named ‘Yellow River’ because loess is yellow • “China’s Sorrow” • Chang Jiang (Yangtze) River • World’s 3rd Longest River • Three Gorges Dam • Impacts

  6. Chinese History • Review • Huang He Culture Hearth • Series of Dynasties and Kingdoms • The Long March • Nationalists declared China a republic • But…the party split… some favored Karl Marx • Long March- Communists fleeing North

  7. The Great Leap Forward • Mao Zedong had introduced Communism • The People’s Republic of China • New economic organization • People’s Communes • Failure • The Cultural Revolution • Purpose: Create a socialist society • Red Guards • Radicals, enforced Mao’s policies • Ordered to destroy the Four Olds • Ideology, thought, habits, customs • Teachers, artists, writers killed • Failure

  8. Current-Day China • Population Characteristics: • 1.3 billion people • Most populated country • 95% live in Eastern Half • 50% Urban • Hukou (Household Registration System) • Citizens are classified as rural or urban • One Child Policy

  9. Political and Economic Characteristics • People’s Republic of China (PRC) • Communist state • But…Special Economic Zones (SEZs) • Pollution Problems • Air pollution • Coal accounts for 80% of China’s Energy • Acid Rain in SE China • Industrial Regions- unrestricted and uncontrolled air emissions

  10. Political Issues • The One China Policy • Tibet • Ruler: Dalai Lama (theocrat) • Autonomous Region • Tibet wants independence • Taiwan • Independent, Republic of China • China considers it a “Runaway Province” • U.S. opposes Chinese takeover of Taiwan • Hong Kong • British returned Hong Kong in 1997 • “One country, two systems”

  11. Japan • Physical Characteristics • Archipelago • 4 main islands • Pacific Ring of Fire • Earthquakes and volcanoes • Population Characteristics • World’s most homogenous population • 99% Japanese • World’s highest life expectancy • Females- • Males- • Growth Rate • VERY low growth rate, .1% (ZPG)

  12. Political and Economic Characteristics • Constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government • Very few natural resources • Must import 97% of raw materials and energy supplies • Culture • Respect for the elderly • Recycling and waste-treatment programs • Uniformity • Shinto Religion

  13. The Korean Peninsula • History • Divided after WWII at the 38th Parallel • North- USSR • South- U.S. • Korean War 1950-1953 • DMZ (De-Militarized Zone) • Cease-fire line is now at the border • Regional Complimentarily • North- minerals • South- best farmland * South is more developed

  14. NorthKorea • ‘The Hermit Kingdom’ • Communist State • Heavily armed • 1.1 million troops • 10 year mandatory military service • Nuclear capabilities? • Withdrew from Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty South Korea • Democratic Republic • Economic Tiger Reunification in the Future?

  15. Homework Assignment In 1-2 paragraphs, write your opinion of China’s One Child Policy. Use evidence from the article to support your opinion. Be prepared to discuss your opinion in a Fishbowl discussion next class.

  16. Closing Activity What do you think China’s population pyramid will look like in the year 2025? Will the One Child Policy be effective or not? Show your opinion by drawing a population pyramid.