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English Founding Documents

English Founding Documents

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English Founding Documents

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  1. English Founding Documents Mr. Remiger

  2. Magna Carta • “Great Charter” • Cornerstone of constitutional government • Signed by King John at Runnymede • June 15, 1215 • John abused his power (over taxes) & noblemen revolted

  3. Magna Carta • No man is above the law, including the king • Power of the English monarchy was not absolute • Establishes Rule of Law -- forces gov’t. to consider how its actions will affect the people governed • Can’t tax w/o approval • People accused of crimes have a right to trial by peers

  4. Petition of Right • June, 1628 • Statement of civil liberties sent by the English Parliament to King Charles I • To limit ability of Monarch to act on his/her sole authority

  5. Petition of Right • 4 Principles of the Petition of Right: 1) No taxes may levied without consent of Parliament 2) No subject may be imprisoned without cause shown (reaffirmation of the right of habeas corpus) 3) No soldiers may be quartered upon the citizenry 4) Cannot establish military (martial law) in time of peace

  6. English Bill of Rights • 1689 • Largely a statement of certain positive rights that its authors (Parliament) considered citizens and/or residents of a free and democratic society ought to have • Englishmen possessed certain immutable civil and political rights. These included:

  7. English Bill of Rights • Freedom to petition the king w/o fear of punishment • Freedom from a peace-time standing army, w/o agreement by Parliament • Freedom [for Protestants] to have arms for defense • Free parliamentary elections • Parliament will operate w/o royal interference

  8. English Bill of Rights • The freedom of speech in Parliament -- proceedings not to be questioned in the courts or in any body outside Parliament itself (the basis of modern parliamentary privilege) • Freedom from cruel and unusual punishments, and excessive bail • Freedom from fines and forfeitures w/o trial