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Acids and Bases

Acids and Bases

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Acids and Bases

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  1. Acids and Bases Arrhenius Bronsted-Lowry Lewis

  2. Definitions of Acids/Bases

  3. Measuring Acid StrengthKa

  4. Acid Strength defined by pKa

  5. Dissociation in H2OArrhenius Acid forms H3O+Bronsted-Lowry Acid donates a H+

  6. Resonance Stabilization

  7. Stronger Acid Controls Equilibrium

  8. Reaction Described with ArrowsHCl donates a protonH2O accepts a proton

  9. Equilibrium Reactions

  10. Draw the Conjugate Acid and Base

  11. Propanol is a Base

  12. Draw the Conjugate Acid and Base

  13. Propanol is an Acid

  14. Some Acid-Base Reactions

  15. The Effect of Resonance on pKa

  16. Identify the Acid and Base

  17. Equilibrium Favors Reactants

  18. Carboxylic Acids can be Separated from non-acidic Compounds

  19. Lewis Acids and Bases

  20. Formation of a new bond

  21. Lewis Base = NucleophileLewis Acid = Electrophile

  22. Draw the Acid-Base Complexes

  23. Draw Arrows

  24. Identify the Conjugate Base(i.e. Which H is most acidic?)

  25. By deprotonating one of the Hb protons, one can distribute the charge onto three atoms and give a major resonance structure with the charge on the Oxygen (the third structure).