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AMERICAN HERITAGE CHALLENGE

AMERICAN HERITAGE CHALLENGE

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AMERICAN HERITAGE CHALLENGE

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  1. AMERICAN HERITAGE CHALLENGE

  2. What is the name of our country? The United States of America

  3. What are the colors of our country’s flag? Red, White, and Blue

  4. Who is our president now? President Barack Obama

  5. Where does the president live? The White House

  6. Who was the first president of the United States? George Washington

  7. What is the leader of our country called? The President of the United States

  8. How many stripes are on our country’s flag? 13

  9. What do the stripes on our flag stand for? The first 13 colonies

  10. What do the stars on our flag stand for? The 50 states

  11. How do adults choose the leader of the United States? By voting

  12. How old does a United States citizen need to be to vote? 18 years old or older

  13. What is the name of our country’s rules and laws? U.S. Constitution

  14. How many states were there when the U.S. Constitution was written? 13 states

  15. What are the first three words of the U.S. Constitution? “We the people…”

  16. What do we call the beginning or introduction to the U.S. Constitution? Preamble

  17. Who lived in America before the Pilgrims came? Native Americans

  18. What country did the Pilgrims come from and when did they arrive in America? England in 1620

  19. What year did the American colonists declare their independence from England? 1776

  20. What was the name of the war that made America an independent country? Revolutionary War/ War of Independence

  21. What is the name of our National Anthem and who wrote it? “The Star Spangled Banner” by Francis Scott Key

  22. Which president issued the Emancipation Proclamation that led to the freeing of all slaves? Abraham Lincoln

  23. What was the name of the civil rights leader who was famous for saying “I have a dream…”? Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

  24. What do we call people who come from another country to live in America? Immigrants

  25. What mission is closest to Riverside? Mission San Gabriel

  26. What city is the county seat of Riverside County where most governmentoffices are located? Riverside

  27. Who was the first European explorer to explore California? Juan Cabrillo

  28. In what year was gold discovered in California? 1848

  29. What famous explorer and naturalist helped to establish Yosemite and Sequoia National Parks in California? John Muir

  30. What animal is on the California state flag? Grizzly Bear

  31. What city is the capitol of California? Sacramento

  32. Who is the governor of California? Governor Jerry Brown

  33. What animal is a symbol of the United States and is on our national emblem? Bald Eagle

  34. What is the capitol of the United States? Washington, D.C.

  35. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson

  36. What are the two national law making groups that make up the United States Congress? The Senate and the House of Representatives

  37. How old must a U.S. citizen be to run for president? At least 35 years old

  38. How many years may one person be elected to serve as President of the United States? 8 years or two terms

  39. What are the three branches of the United States government called? Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches

  40. Why are there 3 branches of government? To maintain a balance of power

  41. Which branch of government makes the laws? Legislative (Congress)

  42. Which branch of government is responsible for carrying out the laws? Executive (President)

  43. Which branch of government decides if the laws are lawful according to the Constitution? Judicial (Supreme Court)

  44. How many Supreme Court Justices are there? 9 justices

  45. What are the changes to the U.S. Constitution called? Amendments

  46. What are the first ten amendments to the Constitution called? Bill of Rights

  47. Which amendment protects our freedom of speech? 1st Amendment

  48. Which amendment guarantees women the right to vote and when was it passed? 19th amendment in 1920

  49. Who invented the telephone and in what year was it invented? Alexander Graham Bell in 1876

  50. Who invented the electric light and the phonograph? Thomas Edison