National Legislation and Coordination Mechanisms SRI LANKA P. M. Jayatilaka Banda Director Department of Meteorology Colombo, SRI LANKA
Existing Warning System – Sri Lanka Prior to 26th December 2004 Except in the case of weather related disasters (which were handled by the Meteorological Department with limited resources ) no proper early warning System were operational After 26th December 2004 The country felt the need for a broader Early Warning Mechanism and hence an Interim Technical Committee was formed by H.E. the President to coordinate all activities and to develop a multi hazard early warning system
Disaster Management Act No.13 of 2005 provides the legal basis for instituting a DRR system in Sri Lanka The act provides for a framework for DRM and addresses disaster management holistically, leading to a policy shift from response based to proactive approach towards DRR. The act provides for the establishment of National Council for Disaster Management (NCDM), a high level policy making body chaired by H.E. the President. Furthermore, it provides for the establishment of Disaster Management Centre (DMC) for assisting the Council in implementing disaster risk management activities.
Chairman: H.E. the President Vice Chairman: Hon. Prime Minister Director-General, DMC Ministers in-charge of foll. subjects – Social Services, Rehab.&Reconst., Home Affairs, Health, Science & Technology, Housing, Coast Cons.,Irrigation, Power, Defence, Police, Finance, Land, Fisheries, Foreign Aff., Water Supply, Highways, Urban Development, Education, Environment All the Chief Ministers Leader of the Opposition 05 members of Opposition National Council for Disaster Management Disaster Management Centre DM Technology and Mitigation Early Warning Dissemination Preparedness Planning Training, Education and Awareness Emergency Operations District level Emergency Operation Centres Disaster Management Centre
Coordination Mechanism in Disaster Management Ministry of Rehabilitation Department of Meteorology Atomic Energy Authority RDA NCDM Medical Research Institute GSMB CEB NBRO Ministry of Disaster Management and Human Rights Department. of Agriculture NSF CCD Dept of Social Services NARA RADA CMC & Fire Brigade Marine Pollution & Prevention Authority Disaster Management Centre (DMC) Military & Police Mahaveli Authority Health Department Department of Irrigation UN Agencies NWS&DB I/NGOS UDA Other Agencies CEA Provincial Councils District Secretariats District NGOs and CBOs Ministry of Nation Building Local Authorities Ministry of Resettlement & Relief Services Divisional Secretariats Petroleum Corporation
Disaster Risk Management Mechanism at Sub National level Disaster Management Centre District Disaster Management Committee Local Authority Committees District Disaster Management Coordinating Units District Emergency Op. Room Military & Police Divisional Level Committee Private Sector Early Warning Sub Group Medical, First Aid S/Group Search & Rescue S/Group Village Task Force Coordination Group NGOs/ Civil Societies Village Level Committee Business Communities
National Disaster Management Coordination Committee: • with representatives from Govt. agencies, Donors, UN agencies, INGOs, NGOs, Media, Professional and Academic institutions, Private sector, and CBOs under the leadership of Secretary, Ministry of Disaster Management • Inter Ministerial Coordination Committee: • with representatives from Govt. ministries These coordination committees meet on monthly basis under Secretary, Ministry of Disaster Management and Human Rights