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Female Anatomy

Female Anatomy

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Female Anatomy

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  1. Female Anatomy

  2. Vulva

  3. Vulva

  4. Vulva

  5. Vulva

  6. Vulva

  7. Vulva • External genitals • Mon veneris • Labia majora and minora • Clitoris

  8. Clitoris

  9. Clitoris • Homologus to penis • Same # of nerve endings as the head of penis • Only purpose is sexual arousal • Most common method of self stimulation & orgasm

  10. Underlying structures

  11. Clitoris photo

  12. Underlying structures • Vestibular bulbs • Bartholin’s glans

  13. Pelvic floor muscles

  14. Kegel Exercises • Urinary control after childbirth • Increases genital sensitivity • Increases sensation during intercourse • Technique of doing exercises

  15. Internal structures (summary) • Vagina • Vasocongestion = lubrication • Grafenberg (G) spot • Cervix • Uterus • Ovaries

  16. Vagina, Uterus, Ovaries

  17. Uterus & Ovaries

  18. Vagina • Vaginal opening has highest concentration of vaginal musculature • Inner 2/3 = fewest nerve endings • Changes during intercourse • Orgasmic platform

  19. Chronic vaginitis • Due to • Antibiotic medication • Frequently wearing pantyhose • Birth control pills

  20. Grafenberg (G) spot • Location • http://mama.indstate.edu/users/nizrael/grafenberg.html • Female counterpart to male prostate gland • Female ejaculation

  21. Cervix • Cervical cancer - increases risk due to • Genital warts • Having several male sexual partners • First intercourse at an early age • Cigarette smoke

  22. Uterus • Endometrioses • Cells from uterine lining implant in abdominal cavity

  23. Ovaries • 40,000 to 400,000 innature ova at birth • 300 - 450 mature in a woman’s lifetime • Ovaries are endocrine glands • Produce sex hormones • Estrogen and progesterone

  24. Fallopian tubes

  25. After release from ovary, eggs viable for 24-48 hours for fertilization

  26. Breasts

  27. Breasts • Size • Fatty tissue determines size • Unrelated to milk or sensitivity • Preoccupation with size • Surgical alternatives • Enlargement • http://www.plasticsurgerypa.com/pgallery/benlargement.html • Reduction • http://www.plasticsurgerypa.com/pgallery/breduction.html • Lift • http://www.plasticsurgerypa.com/pgallery/blift.html

  28. Silicon Gel Breast Implants

  29. Breast exams • Self-exam = good • Mammogram = better • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) = Best

  30. Mammogram

  31. Menstruation • Menarche • Onset = 11 - 15 years • Menstrual synchrony • Women living together develop similar cycles

  32. Menopause • Permanent cessation of menstruation • Hormone replacement therapy • Benefits • Protects against • Osteoporoses • Cardiovascular disease • Loss of vaginal lubrication • KY • Risks • May increase estrogen dependent breast cancer • Endometrial cancer

  33. Female Genital Mutilation • Locations • Africa, Middle East, Asia • Types • Circumcision • Remove clitoral hood • Clitorectomy • Remove clitoris • Genital infibulation • Remove clitoris and labia • Sew up vulva

  34. Female Genital Mutilation (cont) • Purposes • Girls considered”unmarriageable” if not • Insure virginity • Clitoris seen as dangerous to men • Results • Hemorrhage • Infection • Painful intercourse • Complicated childbirth • Death from infection

  35. Efforts to stop FGM • WHO (World Health Organization) • UNICEF (United Nations) • US (Illegal in America)