Bubonic Plague—Black Death Cause Carried by flea infected rodents A Genoese ship transported the disease from Caffa on the Black Sea to Messina in Sicily. It is called the Black Death because of the swelling in the lymph modes. Yersinia Pestis was the type of bacteria that caused the Black Death. It was not discovered until 1894 by Alexandre Yersin, Swiss/French physician and bacteriologist.
Bubonic Plague—Black Death Crimean Peninsula Crimean War 1853-1856 read about two famous nurses Mary Seacole and Florence Nightingale. Conference at Yalta, February 1945, and the most recent news on the Crimean Peninsula Ukrainian Crisis Location and History Caffa Sicily Conquered by a number of groups Greeks, Arabs and Normans Sicily was also involved in the Punic Wars and as a strategic point during World War II
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Bubonic Plague—Black Death Electrummagazine.com
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Bubonic Plague—Black Death Bubonic Incubation Period: 2-6 days Fatality: 50% Symptoms: Lethargy Fever Chills Headache Buboes Gangrene Hemorrhaging Septicemic Incubation Period: 1-6 days Fatality: 100% Symptoms: Lethargy Fever Shock Hypotension Hepatosplenomegaly Delirium Seizures in children Pneumonic Incubation Period: 2-6 days Fatality: 50% Symptoms: Lethargy Fever Chills Shock Coughing Chest pains Dyspnea Hemoptysis Hypotension
Bubonic Plague—Black Death Black Death http://www.history.com/topics/black-death
Bubonic Plague—Black Death Economic Consequences Labor Shortages The labor shortage was very severe, especially in the short term, and consequently, wages rose. As a result of the mortality, there was an oversupplyof goods, and so prices dropped. Between the two trends standards of living rose for the living. The countryside faced a short-term shortage of labor and landlords stopped freeing their serfs. Peasants in many areas began to demand fairer treatment or lighter burdens. Plagued By Dear Labour http://www.economist.com/blogs/freeexchange/2013/10/economic-history-1
Bubonic Plague—Black Death Social Consequences Persecution of the Jews Accusations Jews were easy targets of blame. Some were accused of poisoning water or practicing witchcraft. Anger There were massacres, especially in the cities along the Rhine River and many cases of the Jews being expelled from the town. One day in Strassbourg in 1349, nearly 200Jews were burned to death by an angry mob. Actions Pope Clement VI issued two bulls in the summer of 1348 forbidding the plunder and slaughter of Jews. He pointed out that Jews were suffering as severely as Christians.
Bubonic Plague—Black Death Social Consequences Flagellants bands of people who wandered through towns and countryside doing penance in public. They inflicted all sort of punishments upon themselves, trying to atone for the evil of the world, sacrificing themselves for the world's sins in imitation of Jesus. http://www.gendercide.org/case_witchhunts.html
Bubonic Plague—Black Death Flagellants EyewitnessToHistory.com
Bubonic PlagueBlack Death Description of the Flagellants Jean de Venette: While the plague was still active and spreading from town to town, men in Germany, Flanders, Hainault and Lorraine uprose and began a new sect on their own authority. Stripped to the waist, they gathered in large groups and bands and marched in procession throught the crossroads and squares of cities and good towns. They formed circles and beat upon their backs with weighted scourges, rejoicing as they did so in loud voices and singing hymns suitable to their rite and newly composed for it. Thus, for 33 days they marched through many towns doing penance and affording a great spectacle to the wondering people. They flogged their shoulders and arms, scourged with iron points so zealously as to draw blood." http://europeanhistory.boisestate.edu/westciv/plague/14.shtml
Bubonic PlagueBlack Death Medieval Historian Jean Froissart from his History of the Hundred Years’ War: ...the penitentswent about, coming first out of Germany. They were men who did public penance and scourged themselves with whips of hard knotted leather with little iron spikes. Some made themselves bleed very badly between the shoulder blades and some foolish women had cloths ready to catch the blood and smear it on their eyes, saying it was miraculous blood. While they were doing penance, they sang very mournful songs about nativity and the passion of Our Lord. The object of this penance was to put a stop to the mortality, for in that time . . . at least a third of all the people in the world died. http://europeanhistory.boisestate.edu/westciv/plague/14.shtml
Bubonic Plague—Black Death Art Danse Macabre The Dance of Death A motif showing skeletons mingling with the living in daily scenes. An art form in the 14th century.
Bubonic Plague—Black Death Hans Holbein, The Abbess Michael Wolgemut, Dance of Death, 1491
Bubonic Plague—Black Death Art Danse Macabre—The Dance of Death PBS Cartoon—1980 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9CHqhsMP80E Orchestra http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=71fZhMXlGT4 Cartoon—2010 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z0glOYQBlSA