Landscape…113th Congress • Few occupy the center-most cluster near the ideological extremes • Polarization is at the highest level since Reconstruction • Many have never served in public office • Effectiveness measured how many wrenches are thrown into the process • Deficit drives competitive wedges with partners
Political Landscape…State • States face unprecedented budget concerns • Budget cut targets: • Medicaid • Education • State workforce • Sequestration
Overview of 2012 Farm Bill Legislation Expired Farm Bill H.R. 6233 H.R. 6083 Food Conservation and Energy Act of 2008 The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 S. 3240 The Agriculture Reform, Food, and Jobs Act of 2012, a 5-year renewal plan for the Farm Bill passed in the Senate The Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2012, a 5-year renewal plan for the Farm Bill proposed in the House The Agricultural Disaster Assistance Act of 2012, a stand-alone measure passed in the House to provide relief for farmers affected by drought A $288B bill passed in 2008. The Food Conservation and Energy Act of 2008 expired on October 1, 2012 Proposals for new Farm Bill in 2012 Legislation passed to avert the Fiscal Cliff, which included a 9-month extension of the Farm Bill Farm Bill Extension Source: National Journal Research, 2012
Congress Approves Nine-Month Extension After Failing to Pass New Farm Bill 2012- 2013 Farm Bill Timeline Senate bill gains momentum House bill stalls Previous bill expires Extension passes House committee markup of H. R. 6083 achieved, fueling excitement S. 3240 passed in Senate with unusual bipartisan support Senate Agriculture Committee markup of S. 3240 takes only five hours Pressure on House to follow Senate lead; Iowa “in play” Level of Excitement around New Bill Prospects Politicking strips support for H.R. 6083; leadership introduces 1-year extension of 2008 Farm Bill House divided over proposed spending cuts in H.R. 6083, leadership delays move to floor Votes collected quickly for S. 3240, which is brought to Senate floor Under pressure to avert dairy cliff, Congress adds a 9-month extension of 2008 Farm Bill to the American Taxpayer Relief Act House passes drought-aid bill H.R. 6233 as stop-gap measure Insufficient votes collected to pass extension Previous Farm Bill (H.R. 2419) expires Jan 1, 2013 July 31, 2012 June 21, 2012 June 5, 2012 Oct.1, 2012 Aug. 2, 2012 July 13, 2012 Apr. 26, 2012 July 12, 2012 July 26, 2012 Source: National Journal Research, 2012; “The Farm Bill Has Expired. Now What?,”ElaheIzadi, National Journal, Oct. 1, 2012; “Here’s What’s in the Fiscal-Cliff Deal,” Catherine Hollander, National Journal, Jan. 1, 2013.
2013 Farm Bill Extension Sparks Controversy Key Outcomes of the Farm Bill Extension Source: “Fiscal Cliff Deal Includes Farm Bill Extension,” David Rogers, Politico, Jan. 1, 2013; “Fiscal Plan Averts ‘Dairy Cliff’, Buys Time for Farm Bill,” Reuters, Jan. 2, 2013; “Farm Bill Extension Evidence of Agriculture Sector’s Lost Political Clout,” Mary Clare Jalonick, Associated Press, Jan. 3, 2013.
2013 Extension Benefits-Southern Farmers, Dairy Processors Winners and Losers in 2013 Farm Bill Extension Who Why Winners Losers Source: “Fiscal Cliff Deal Includes Farm Bill Extension,” David Rogers, Politico, Jan. 1, 2013.
Who Is A Typical SNAP Recipient? • 83% of SNAP households have gross income at or below 100% of the poverty guideline ($19,530 for a family of 3 in 2013) • 61% of SNAP households have gross income at or below 75% of the poverty guideline ($14,648 for a family of 3 in 2013)
Do People on SNAP Work? • Most SNAP families with children have at least one working adults in the household.
Aren’t Most on SNAP Forever? • The typical SNAP recipient is on the program for an average of 10 months • Almost two thirds of SNAP recipients are- • children • the elderly • disabled
Isn’t There A Lot Of Fraud? • The trafficking rate in SNAP has dropped dramatically • Rate has fallen significantly over the last two decades, from about 4 cents on the dollar in 1993 to about 1 cent in 2006-08 • The federal government is aggressively fighting SNAP trafficking
Don’t Most SNAP Participants Buy Junk Food? • Bananas • Whole Milk • 2% Milk • Ramen • Hot Dogs • Mac And Cheese • Jiffy Corn Bread Mix • Bottled Water (24 Pack) • Canned Tuna In Water
What Else is in the Farm Bill? • SNAP-Ed • Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP) – Primarily serves seniors citizens with nutritious USDA foods • TEFAP –providing food assistance, largely food banks. • Department of Defense Fresh Program– Distributes fresh produce to schools
What Else is in the Farm Bill? • Senior Farmers Market Nutrition Program. • Healthy Food Financing Initiative–improve access to healthy foods in “food deserts” • Fresh Fruit and Vegetables Program– Provided to low income schools • Community Food Projects– Improve access through innovative projects such as school garden programs and urban greenhouse initiatives • Provides grants to incentivize the purchase of fruits and vegetables by SNAP participants
Why Have Nutrition Education? • Everyone does not know how to eat a healthy diet • Lives have changed, more stress, less time to prepare • Limited resources • No longer offer home or consumer economics in school
Farm Bill 2.0 • Passed in the last Congress from the Senate • Senate took it up early this Congress, passed in May • House saw action in June, Agriculture Committee worked to have a bipartisan bill • Bill failed in the House with last minute amendments. • House removed nutrition title
May 10, 2013 May 14, 2013 May 15, 2013 June 10, 2013 House and Senate Agriculture Committees Approve Different Versions of Farm Bill Farm Bill Extension Passes Congress passes 9-month extension of 2008 Farm Bill to avert spiraling dairy prices known as the “dairy cliff” House Unveils Competing Farm Bill Proposal House bill cuts $20.5B from food stamps; CBO estimates the bill will save $39.7B over ten years Houses Committee Approves Farm Bill House Agriculture Committee approves different version of farm bill, which includes $2.5B per year in cuts to food stamps Senate Unveils New Farm Bill Proposal The Agriculture Reform, Food and Jobs Act of 2013 cuts a total of $23B from agriculture programs, including cuts due to sequestration Senate Committee Approves Farm Bill A $955B proposal for a new farm bill is approved by Senate Agriculture Committee and expected to be taken up by full Senate the following week Senate passes Farm Bill The Agriculture Reform, Food, and Jobs Act of 2013 (S. 954) passes in the Senate and is sent to the House Source: National Journal Research, 2013
Senate Votes in Favor of Farm Bill 2 7 2 18 66 Totals Yes: 66 No: 27 N/A: 7 25 Dem No • Analysis • The Senate version of the Farm Bill will cost almost $955B over the next decade to fund programs such as crop insurance, food assistance for low-income families and foreign food aid • The House will begin drafting its version of the Farm Bill this month, according to Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio) • The House version will face more difficult passage and will likely include $20B in cuts to food stamps; last year’s bill failed to pass the House due to lawmakers’ desire for larger cuts to food stamps N/A GOP Yes GOP No Source: Ron Nixon, “Senate Passes Farm Bill; House Vote is Less Sure,” The New York Times, June 10, 2013. Independent Yes Dem Yes
House and Senate Differences Source: Congressional Budget Office
A Little Deeper • Senate reduced SNAP spending by $4 billion • House bill was $20 billion and is now at $40 billion • Minnesota delegation
Amendments to the House Farm Bill Source: Office of the Clerk – U.S. House of Representatives
As many as 1.2 million school-age children eligible for free or reduced-price school meals would lose SNAP eligibility. • An estimated 156,000 to approximately 210,000 school-age children would not receive free school meals despite being eligible. • As many as 160,000 to 305,000 more people could become food insecure
The House Proposal • As many as 5.1 million people could lose SNAP eligibility-1.4 million children and nearly 900,000 older adults. • The U.S. poverty rate would increase and could translate to a growth in medical costs of nearly $15 billion over ten years for diabetes alone.
Next Steps • Support the Minnesota delegation that carries the message- • Senators Klobuchar and Franken • Representatives • McCollum • Walz • Nolan • Ellison • PETERSON