The New Deal Ch 23
AKS • 47a - explain the significance of "The Hundred Days", the bank holiday, and Roosevelt's fireside chats • 47b - identify New Deal programs such as the WPA, CCC, FDIC, and SEC • 47c - describe the creation of the Tennessee Valley Authority as a works program and as an effort to control the environment • 47d - explain the Wagner Act and the rise of industrial unionism • 47e - explain the passage of the Social Security Act as part of the second New Deal • 47f - identify Eleanor Roosevelt as a symbol of social progress and women's activism • 47g - identify the political challenges to Roosevelt's domestic and international leadership, including the role of Huey Long, the "court packing bill", and the Neutrality Act
EQ • What was FDR’s response to the Great Depression? • What were some of the key programs? • What was their effect?
Franklin Delano Roosevelt • 32nd President • Democrat • Gov. of New York • Affected by polio • First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt (5th cousin; niece of Teddy Roosevelt) • Ranked one of the top POTUS
The Hundred Days • FDR launches Hundred Days; passes over 15 major New Deal laws • Emergency Banking Relief Act permits Treasury Dept. to inspect banks • decides which are insolvent, sound, or need loans • public confidence in banks revives • Fireside Chats • http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/fdrfirstfiresidechat.html
Fireside Chat • What is FDR’s tone? • Who does he say his explanation will benefit? • What happens when you deposit money into a bank? • What does FDR not promise? • What does FDR say are the essentials for success?
Regulating Banking and Finance • Glass-Steagall Actestablishes Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) • insures individual bank accounts, regulates banking practices • Federal Securities Act—companies must give all information on stocks • Securities and Exchange Commission created to regulate stock market • 21st Amendment repeals prohibition by end of 1933
Opposition • Deficit spending—spendingmore money than • Supreme Court strikes down NIRA, AAA as unconstitutional • FDR proposes “Court-packing bill”; Congress, press protest • Starting in 1937, justices retire; FDR appoints seven new ones
Activity - Choose a one of the following New Deal Programs and create a poster advertising it to America! • TVA • CCC • AAA • FDIC • Social Security • SEC • WPA • NIRA • National Youth Administration • Wagner Act • NLRB • Federal Banking Relief Act • Federal Securities Act • Glass Steagall • FHA
Eleanor Roosevelt • First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, a social reformer, prods president • http://www.5min.com/Video/Eleanor-Roosevelt-Biography-119820641
More New Deal Progress • Frances Perkins, secretary of labor, is first female cabinet member • FDR appoints more than 100 African Americans to government • Mrs. Roosevelt plays key role • Educator Mary McLeod Bethune heads Division of Negro Affairs of NYA • Helps organize “Black Cabinet” of African-American advisers
Marian Anderson • Daughters of American Revolution refuse Marian Anderson concert • Mrs. Roosevelt resigns; arranges for Lincoln Memorial concert
With an elbow partner…. • Summarize how the New Deal programs led to progress that can still be see today.