Chapter 8 Citizenship and the Constitution
The powers granted to the federal government are known as __________. These include coining money and regulating trade.
The __________ allows Congress to stretch these powers to cover situations that the nation’s founders may not have predicted.
The powers held by the states or by citizens are __________, and included the right to form local governments.
__________ are those shared by the state and federal governments, and include collecting taxes.
The Constitution established the United States as a __________, which is a government made up of representatives of the people.
In a process called __________, leaders use the national population distribution to determine how many representatives each state sends to the house.
Congress has the power to __________, or bring charges against, the president if he or she is suspected of committing a crime.
For example, the president can __________, or cancel, congressional decisions.
The president may also issue __________, nonlegislative decisions that have the power of laws.
In addition, the president can grant __________, or freedom from punishment, to a person facing criminal charges.
The heads of these departments make up the __________, which advises the president on domestic and foreign-policy issues.
Pop Quiz • What is apportionment? • What are delegated powers? • What is the cabinet? • What does veto mean?
Pop Quiz • What are pardons? • What does impeach mean? • What is a representative democracy? • What is the elastic clause?
Pop Quiz • What are concurrent powers? • What are executive orders? • What are reserved powers?
Mini Question • How did the framers of the Constitution address concerns about the balance of state and federal powers?
The framers of the Constitution dividedpower between the states and the federal government.
Mini Question • What are the three branches of the federal government?
Legislative Branch • Executive Branch • Judicial Branch
Mini Question • How is power divided among the three branches of government?
Legislative Branch is Congress (Senate and House of Representatives) who makes the laws. • Executive Branch is headed by the president who enforces the laws. • Judicial Branch interprets laws and decides whether they are supported by the Constitution. It is headed by the Supreme Court.
The First Amendment protects five basic freedoms, which include freedom of religion, speech, and the press, and freedom to assemble in groups and to __________, or make a request of, the government.
Today authorities must have a __________ in order to examine a citizen’s property.
These laws set the standards for __________, or the fair application of the law.
The Fifth Amendment states that a person cannot be tried unless a grand jury decides that there is enough evidence to __________, or formally accuse, the person.
Anyone found not guilty in a criminal trial cannot face __________, or be tried again for the same crime.
The amendment also allows the government to use its power of __________, or the right to take personal property to serve the public’s interest.
Pop Quiz • What is eminent domain? • What is a search warrant? • What does petition mean? • What is due process? • What is double jeopardy? • What doe indict mean?
Mini Question • What are the main freedoms of the First Amendment, and why are they important?
They are freedom of religion, speech, the press, to assemble, and petition. • These basic rights affect almost all Americans.
Mini Question • How do some constitutional amendments address concerns that colonists faced up to and during the Revolution?
2nd Amendment – right to form militias • 3rd Amendment – cannot be forced to provide soldiers housing. • 4th Amendment – no unreasonable searches (search warrant)
Mini Question • What rights do the amendments give to people accused of crimes?