Forced Labor 27 September 2011 Presented by Steven Brelsford
Forced Labor The use of deception or violent coercion to compel someone to labor without pay or for no pay beyond the substance necessary to continue the labor.
Where Are We? Rockquarries Rice mills Brick kilns Fisheries Garment factories Construction sites Private residences
Where Are We? Bangalore Chennai
Selected Facts There are an estimated 27 million slaves in the world today—more than any other time in history. (Bales, Disposable People) Children below the age of 18 years represent between 40 to 50% of all forced labor victims. (ILO) One form of force or coercion is the use of a bond, or debt, to keep a person in subjugation… In South Asia, this phenomenon exists in huge numbers as traditional bonded labor in which people are enslaved from generation to generation. (Cornell)
IJM Beliefs It is estimated that there are 20 to 65 million bonded laborers in India alone, despite substantive and clear laws prohibiting this form of forced labor. The forced labor system is present in many industries, but whether it is in a brick kiln, rice mill, salt mine or another industry, perpetrators who violate Indian laws to compel the labor of others infringe upon citizens' most fundamental rights.
IJM’s Response IJM investigates cases of slavery and partners with local authorities to release slaves and their families from the facilities where they are held. IJM lawyers work to pursue perpetrator accountability, so that slave-owners are prosecuted with sentences commensurate with their crimes – a rarity in most of the world. IJM staff ensure that victims of forced labor slavery are provided the full spectrum of government rehabilitation services to which they are entitled, including financial compensation. Former slaves are provided with aftercare services, including counseling, assistance securing employment and enrolling children in school, facilitation of community groups and assistance opening a bank account. IJM’s casework on forced labor slavery is conducted primarily in India, where IJM has secured the freedom of more than 2,000 forced labor slaves and provided long-term aftercare for them and their families.
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