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Jewish mysticism

Jewish mysticism

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Jewish mysticism

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  1. Jewish mysticism Merkava

  2. Ma ase Merkava • research of the mysteries of Ma ase Merkava is just as acceptable as a prayer • watch out for falling into error!!!! • kabalah can be taught only through hints and allusions – litterary or superficial understanding are misleading • Mishna: „The mysteries of Merkava are not supposed to be pronounced in the presence of one student if he is not wise and if he does not understand with knowledge.“

  3. Gematria • from greek Geometria • one of 32 rules of agada for interpretation of Torah – new meaning through counting of numerical values of letters

  4. Jewish mysticism Sefer Jecira – Book of Creation • 10 sefirot = ten basic spiritual ur-numbers • 32 pathes of wisdom • Bereshit • G d said = 10 x = 10 sefirot • Creation • 32 – LEV – Bereshit- Israel • Elohim – 32 x = paths of wisdom

  5. Antipode position of hypercube hypercube Gra version

  6. Tesseract • 10 sefirot define the natural space – define 10 directions = 5 dimensions • fourdimensional hypercube has 16 points (2 raised on the power of 4 - exponentiation) • fivedimensional hypercube has 32 points (2 raised on the power of five)

  7. Jewish mysticism • Bahir (Book of the Brightness) • Midrash of rabbi Nechunja ban Hakana • besides Bahir is ascribed to him a prayer ANA BEACHOACH – the initial letters form a 42 letter long name of G d • Published in Provence 1176 • Jb 37, 21: "Now men do not see the light which is bright (BAHIR) in the skies.“ • Rabi Moshe Cordovero: „The words of the text are bright (bahir) and sparkling, but their brilliance can blind the eyes”

  8. Jewish Mysticism • Zohar (Brightness) • The main character Rabbi Shimon ben Jochaj – rabbi Akiva´s follower, 2nd c. CE – who was hiding from Romans • Published in the 13th c. by Moshe de Leon • mystical midrash = explanation of a hidden meaning PARDES 1) Pschat= simple litterary sense 2) Remez= hint, allegory 3) Drash= homiletic sense 4) Sod= mystical meaning = DERECH HA-KABALA

  9. Sefer ha-Tagin • TAGA – arameic • Ketarim – hebrew • when combined, the letters with the tagin form the divine names by which heaven and earth were created  creative power • oral tradition • Rabi Akiva deduced from tagin many important teachings • he RECEIVED the tradition of Merkava

  10. Jewish Mysticism • Expulsion from Spain - • Safed – Galilee,16th c. • Moshe Cordovero – Pardes Rimonim • Jicchak Luria, ha-Ari,

  11. CimcumJicchak Luria • Tohu and Bohu • Zohar: In the beginning of the King's authority, the Lamp of Darkness engraved a hollow in the Supernal Luminescence.

  12. Jicchak Luria The meaning of the human existence is to help to renew the original order of the world – tikkun Every human thought and action plays a very important role in this process

  13. Gilgul • Gilgul – transmigration of souls • Galgal = circle, rotation • Mystical organization of 22 lettres • System of alternation of lettres • 22 lettres 231 gates