4-H Healthy Living Healthy Lifestyle Choices - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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4-H Healthy Living Healthy Lifestyle Choices

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  1. 4-H Healthy Living Healthy Lifestyle Choices

  2. Emotions People Hunt • Purpose of activity: • Activity example from Healthy Lifestyle Choices-Middle School curriculum • Emotions & Behaviors Unit, Self-esteem Lesson • Main message: everyone shares common emotions and positive and negative influences on self-esteem

  3. Do We Really Need a Healthy Lifestyles Program? • What makes us unhealthy? • Is health about what we do or what we don’t do? • Health is more than not being sick. • Healthy habits established in childhood bring lifelong benefits • 60% of premature deaths in adulthood related to behaviors/conditions from adolescence.

  4. What are the top health issues facing Arkansas youth today? • Unintentional Injuries & Violence • Tobacco Use • Alcohol and other Drug Use • Sexual Behaviors • Dietary Behaviors • Physical Activity • Mental Health

  5. Unintentional Injuries & Violence • Weapons: 21% of students indicated they carried a weapon on one or more of the past 30 days. • 7% carried weapon on school property • Fights: 29% of students reported being in at least one physical fight in previous year. • 11% were in fights on school property

  6. Unintentional Injuries & Violence • Suicide: 14% seriously considered attempting suicide in year prior to survey. • 10% actually attempted suicide • Abuse: 16% reported they were physically hurt on purpose by their boyfriend or girlfriend in previous year.

  7. Tobacco Use • 51% had tried cigarette smoking • 14% smoked entire cigarette before age 13 • 12% had used chewing tobacco at least once in last 30 days • 8% of smokers had smoked 10+ cigarettes a day in last 30 days • 8% used chewing tobacco on school property

  8. Alcohol and Other Drug Use • 66% of students had at least one drink of alcohol in their life. • 32% drank alcohol in last 30 days • 24% of students had first drink before age 13 • 33% had used marijuana one or more times • 16% had used during last 30 days • 8% used marijuana for first time before age 13

  9. Alcohol and Other Drug Use • 13% sniffed glue, breathed contents of aerosol spray cans or inhaled any paints or sprays during their life. • 18% had taken a prescription drug (OxyContin, Percocet, etc.) without a doctor’s prescription one or more times. • 26% had someone offer, sell, or give them an illegal drug on school property during year prior to survey.

  10. Sexual Behaviors • 44% said abstinence is slightly important or not at all important to them at this time in their life • 50% of students reported that they had sexual intercourse • 8% for the first time before age 13 • Of the 38% sexually active in previous 3 months: • 58% used condom • 19% used birth control

  11. Dietary Behaviors • 15% were overweight; 15% were obese by BMI • 29% described themselves as slightly or very overweight • 45% were trying to lose weight • 59% female, 32% male • 14% went without eating for 24 hours or more to lose weight or avoid gaining weight in previous 30 days

  12. Dietary Behaviors • 18% ate 5 or more servings of fruits and vegetables each day during previous week • 34% drank a can, bottle or glass of soda one or more times per day in previous week

  13. Physical Activity • 40% were physically active 60 or more minutes per day on 5 or more days of past week • 52% males; 29% females • 32% watched 3 or more hours per day of TV on average school day • 23% played video or computer games or used computer for something not school-related 3 or more hours on average school day

  14. Mental Health • 28% had felt so sad or hopeless everyday for 2 weeks or more in a row that they stopped doing some usual activities (during past 12 months).

  15. What Does It Mean to Have Healthy Kids? • Physical, social, emotional well-being Through the 4-H Healthy Living Mission Mandate, 4-H efforts engage youth and families through access and opportunities to achieve optimal physical, social and emotional well-being.

  16. 4-H Healthy Living Mission Mandate Goal • Holistic approach: • Healthy eating habits • Physical fitness • Capacity to recognize and direct emotions • Ability to develop and maintain positive social interactions and relationships

  17. 4-H Healthy Living Mission Mandate Goal • Youth and families will: • Develop an awareness and positive attitude about healthy living while • increasing knowledge, skills, competencies • in physical, social, and emotional well-being.

  18. Why the Healthy Lifestyle Choices curriculum? • Focus on choices • Behavioral health knowledge and skills • Cross-curricular • Addresses 5 youth-risk behaviors • Conflict resolution • Nutrition • Fitness • Safety • Substance Abuse

  19. Healthy Lifestyle Choices Curriculum Overview

  20. Curriculum Overview • 2 “programs” selected for use in Arkansas • 5th grade, Second Edition • Middle school (grades 6-8), First Edition • Developed by non-profit organization Healthy Lifestyle Choices • Tested in school-settings in Orleans and Jefferson Parishes

  21. Overview—5th Grade • Flexible teaching settings (physical education/ health classes or traditional classroom) • Developed for grades K thru 5. • Utilizes the Social Learning Theory • Is aligned with the National Health Education Standards

  22. Program Structure—5th Grade • Includes six units and four core lessons per unit. • Designed to be taught once a week for 45 minutes. • Life Skills unit should be taught first because of the foundation skills it provides. • Other units can be taught in any order, but need to be taught as a unit.

  23. Assessment (more on this later) • Observational Assessment and Reflections • Performance Assessment • Formal Assessment • Student Self- Assessment and Reflections

  24. Curriculum Overview-5th Grade • Unit 1: Life Skills • Lesson 1 – Self Image • Lesson 2 – Verbal and Nonverbal Communication • Lesson 3 – Decision Making • Lesson 4 – Goal Setting

  25. Curriculum Overview-5th Grade • Unit 2: Conflict Resolution • Lesson 1 – Expressing Emotions • Lesson 2 – “I” Messages • Lesson 3 – Handling Anger • Lesson 4 – Similarities & Differences

  26. Curriculum Overview-5th Grade • Unit 3: Nutrition • Lesson 1 – The “Big Six” • Lesson 2 – Fruits & Veggies • Lesson 3 – Healthy Snacks • Lesson 4 – Energy Imbalance

  27. Curriculum Overview-5th Grade • Unit 4: Substance Abuse Prevention • Lesson 1 – Caffeine • Lesson 2 – Alcohol • Lesson 3 – Cigarettes Aren’t Cool • Lesson 4 – Media Influence on Tobacco Use

  28. Curriculum Overview-5th Grade • Unit 5: Safety • Lesson 1 – Preventing Injuries • Lesson 2 – Preventing Sports Injuries • Lesson 3 – Biking & Skating Safety • Lesson 4 – Car Safety

  29. Curriculum Overview-5th Grade • Unit 6: Fitness • Lesson 1 – Stay in Balance • Lesson 2 – Physical Activity • Lesson 3 – Obesity Prevention • Lesson 4 – Fitness is Fun

  30. Curriculum Overview- Middle School • 10 units • 3 to 9 lessons each • Mainly structured for classroom delivery • Lots of activities • Lesson topics do not align with 5th grade curriculum

  31. Curriculum Overview- Middle School • Unit 1: Intro to Health & Wellness • Lesson 1 – Program Introduction • Lesson 2 – Assessing Health Knowledge • Lesson 3 – Making Healthy Choices • Lesson 4 – Social Norms • Lesson 5 – Personal Health and Behavior Inventory • Lesson 6 – Setting Goals • Lesson 7 – Personal Health Goal

  32. Curriculum Overview- Middle School • Unit 2: Emotions and Behaviors • Lesson 1 – Self-Image • Lesson 2 – Self-Esteem • Lesson 3 – Dealing with Emotions • Lesson 4 – Living Your Values • Lesson 5 – Assertive, Aggressive, Passive Behaviors • Lesson 6 – Skits

  33. Curriculum Overview- Middle School • Unit 3: Communication • Lesson 1 – Effective Communication • Lesson 2 – Active Listening • Lesson 3 – Saying “NO” (refusal skills) • Lesson 4 – Skits

  34. Curriculum Overview- Middle School • Unit 4: Decision-making and Problem-solving • Lesson 1 – Decision-Making Model • Lesson 2 – Living with Decisions • Lesson 3 – Mind Mapping (problem-solving) • Lesson 4 – Perspective (problem-solving) • Lesson 5 – Right Side of Brain

  35. Curriculum Overview- Middle School • Unit 5: Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs • Lesson 1 – Drug Use and Abuse • Lesson 2 – Signs of Drug Dependence • Lesson 3 – Underage Drinking • Lesson 4 – Researching Drug Information • Lesson 5 – Skits • Lesson 6 – External Influences • Lesson 7 – Be Media Smart

  36. Curriculum Overview- Middle School • Unit 6: Stress Management • Lesson 1 – Stress • Lesson 2 – Depression • Lesson 3 – Teen Suicide • Lesson 4 – Stress Management • Lesson 5 – Relaxation Techniques

  37. Curriculum Overview- Middle School • Unit 7: Social & Anti-Social Behaviors • Lesson 1 – Healthy Relationships • Lesson 2 – Hurtful Relationships • Lesson 3 – Conflict Resolution • Lesson 4 – Dating Violence • Lesson 5 – Social Skills • Lesson 6 – Anti-Social Behaviors

  38. Curriculum Overview- Middle School • Unit 8: Injury Prevention/Violence • Lesson 1 – Unintentional Injuries • Lesson 2 – Leading Killers • Lesson 3 – Immediate and Long- Term Effects • Lesson 4 – Online Safety • Lesson 5 - Bullying

  39. Curriculum Overview- Middle School • Unit 9: Physical Activity & Nutrition • Lesson 1 – Physical Activity • Lesson 2 – Fitness • Lesson 3 – F.I.T.T Rule • Lesson 4 – Skits • Lesson 5 – Dietary Guidelines • Lesson 6 – My Pyramid • Lesson 7 – Nutrition Facts Label • Lesson 8 – Nutrients • Lesson 9 – Nutrition Review

  40. Curriculum Overview- Middle School • Unit 10: Environment • Lesson 1 – Caring for Our Planet • Lesson 2 – Advocacy Project • Lesson 3 – Poster Presentation

  41. Activities

  42. Selected Activities from Curriculum • 5th Grade Curriculum • Communication lesson: Scenario Charades & Healthy Choice Rap • Middle School Curriculum • Self-image lesson: Owl Game • Living Your Values lesson: 20 Things I Love to Do

  43. Scenario Charades • 2 ways of communicating • Verbal uses words and emotions • Non-verbal uses gesturing and facial expressions • Actor is having conversation with another person • Guess how the actor is feeling by observing movements, gestures, and facial expressions

  44. Write a song or rap • Write a song or rap about making a healthy choice • Listen to verbal and nonverbal messages • Examples of verbal and nonverbal communication • The way we deliver a message makes an impact on those receiving the message.

  45. Owl Game • Who are you? • Who else are you? • Divide into pairs • Main point: different roles affect self-image or self-esteem

  46. 20 Things I Love to Do • Worksheet: 20 Things I Love To Do • 5 minutes • Divide into pairs to discuss lists • Main point: To build a good life, you must know what you value and want.

  47. Implementation

  48. Implementation Strategies • AEHC major sponsor • AEHC desired program for entire state that EHC could be involved in delivering • Aim for EHC to be major partner at county level • Different from county to county. • Depends on: • Talents • Skills and experience • Interest of EHC members.

  49. Implementation Strategies • Working with EHC • Benefits of engaging EHC in program • Bi-directional education • Leadership development