Aviyon Moore Stem Ruff 11-30-10 Sam Houston
Sam Houston “The Raven” • Sam is for short but his name is Samuel Houston he was born in Lexington, VA on March 2nd 1793.
Sam Houston • To avoid bloodshed, he refused an offer of a Union army to put down the Confederate rebellion. Instead, he retired to Huntsville ,Texas where he died before the end of the Civil War.
Sam Houston “foreal” • After receiving three near-mortal wounds at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, he rose to the rank of first lieutenant before resigning in 1818 to study law.
Sam Houston true story • In Texas, Houston was elected delegate from Nacogdoches to the Convention of 1833which met at San Felipe. From that time, Houston emerged as a prominent player in the affairs of Texas. In 1835 he was appointed general of the military district east of the Trinity. He became a member of the Consultation of 1835, and of the Convention which met at Washington on the Brazos in 1836 to declare independence from Mexico. It was there that Houston was elected commander-in-chief of the armies of Texas.
Sam Houston the president • In 1821 he successfully ran for Congress as a Democrat – no doubt influenced by the Democrat Andrew Jackson, who had befriended him. In 1827 he was elected governor of Tennessee, and two years later he married Eliza Allen. Everything seemed to be going well. But then his life met with sudden upheaval..
SAM Houston The Importance • Sam Houston was so important that they build a college in his honor. The college is Sam Houston University.(picture below)
General and President of Texas • Sam Houston was a wild boy. Born in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, he ran away in 1809 from the farm in Tennessee that his family moved to after his father’s death, to live with the Cherokee Indians. He had received little education – fewer than six months, he himself said later.He showed initiative, though. Leaving the Cherokee, he joined the army during the War of 1812 and performed bravely at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, earning recognition and the rank of first lieutenant.
General and president of Texas (continued) • After the battle he met General Andrew Jackson, who would become his friend and whom Houston would later name one of his sons after. Houston also became an Indian sub-agent, and made his first trip to Washington with a delegation of Cherokees, meeting President Monroe and the Secretary of War. In 1818 he left the military and began to study law; the same year he passed the bar examination
Sam Houston had Children!?!? • Sam Houston, Jr., 1843–1894 • Nancy Elizabeth, 1846–1920 (named after her grandmothers) • Margaret Lea, 1848–1906 • Mary William, 1850–1931 • Antoinette Power, 1852–1932 (named after Margaret's sister) • Andrew Jackson Houston, 1854-1941 (U.S. Senator from Texas) • William Rogers, 1858–1891 • Temple Lea, 1860–1905 (named after Margaret's father) (state senator of Texas legislature, 1885–1888
The “huge” Seperation • He separated from his wife and resigned his governorship. Few can explain this; but it seems that for just cause or no, Eliza rejected Houston, causing the split and because of the scandal, forcing Houston to resign as well. Houston truly wasn’t a very much of a family man; he was known as a heavy drinker. Whatever the cause, Houston retreated back to his refuge: the Cherokee Indians. There he wed Tiana Rogers, a Cherokee woman. But he couldn’t stay inactive for long. In 1831 he was back in Washington representing the Cherokee Nation
Sam Houston and battle of san Jacinto!!!! • At the Battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836, Houston surprised Santa Anna and the Mexican forces during their afternoon siesta. Texas forces defeated them in less than 18 minutes. Badly beaten, Santa Anna was forced to sign the Treaty of Velasco, granting Texas independence. Although Houston stayed on briefly for negotiations, he returned to the United States for treatment of a wound to his ankle.
Definition of siestA • a midday or afternoon rest or nap
Sam Houston university info School Information Location: Huntsville, Texas Setting: Distant Town Type: Public Level: Four or more years Admissions Enrolled: 16,662 Applied: 9,256 Acceptance Rate: 53% Enrollment Rate: 44%
Sam Houston's Death • In 1862, Houston returned to Huntsville, Texas, and rented the Steamboat House; the hills in Huntsville reminded him of his boyhood home in Tennessee. Houston was active in the Masonic Lodge, transferring his membership to Forrest Lodge #19. His health deteriorated in 1863 due to a persistent cough. In mid-July, Houston developed pneumonia. He died on July 26, 1863 at Steamboat House, with his wife Margaret by his side. His last recorded words were, "Texas! Texas! Margaret..."