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UNIT 4 PowerPoint Presentation

UNIT 4

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UNIT 4

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  1. PAST (2) PAST SIMPLE PRESENT PERFECT PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE PAST PERFECT UNIT 4

  2. I SAW PETER YESTERDAY. • PAST SIMPLE • I HAVE BEEN TO BURGOS TWICE. • PRESENT PERFECT • I HAD VISITED MARY. • PAST PERFECT • I HAVE BEEN LIVING HERE FOR TWO WEEKS. • PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE

  3. PAST PRESENT PERFECT STRUCTURE HAVE / HAS ‘VE / ‘S HAD PAST PARTICIPLE • A- SUBJ + ++ COMP • N- SUBJ + + + COMP • I- + SUBJ+ + COMP ? • SHORT ANSWER • YES, SUBJECT (PN)+ • NO, SUBJECT (PN)+ HADN’T HAVEN’T/ HASN’T PAST PARTICIPLE HAVE / HAS HAD PAST PARTICIPLE HAD HAVE / HAS HAVEN’T/ HASN’T HADN’T

  4. PROGRESSIVE PRESENT PERFECT (SIMPLE) STRUCTURE HAVE / HAS ‘VE / ‘S BEEN GERUND • A- SUBJ + ++ COMP • N- SUBJ + + + COM • I- + SUBJ+ + COMP? • SHORT ANSWER • YES, SUBJECT (PN)+ • NO, SUBJECT (PN)+ PAST PARTICIPLE BEEN GERUND PAST PARTICIPLE HAVEN’T/ HASN’T HAVE HAS BEEN PAST PARTICIPLE GERUND HAVE / HAS HAVEN’T/ HASN’T

  5. PAST SIMPLE HE STOLE MY CAR YESTERDAY. HE DIDN’T STEAL MY CAR. DID HE STEAL MY CAR? YES, HE DID. PRESENT PERFECT (SIMPLE) HE HAS STOLEN MY CAR. HE HASN’T STOLEN MY CAR. HAS HE STOLEN MY CAR? YES, HE HAS. PAST PERFECT HE HAD STOLEN MY CAR. HE HADN’T STOLEN MY CAR. HAD HE STOLEN MY CAR? YES, HE HAD. PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE HE HAS BEEN STEALING MY CAR. HE HASN’T BEEN STEALING MY CAR. HAS HE BEEN STEALING MY CAR? YES, HE HAS.

  6. USE :

  7. A- FINISHED ACTIONS 1- PAST SIMPLE • FINISHED PAST ACTIONS WITH NO CONNECTION WITH THE PRESENT. • I drove back from York last night. • WITH WORDS FOR A FINISHED TIME: • LAST..., YESTERDAY, IN... , AGO... • He phoned 2 days ago. • STORIES. • Red Riding Hood took the basket and went to the forest. • DETAILS (TIME, PLACES...) OF NEWS. • The cat has eaten your supper. It took it off the table.

  8. 2- PRESENT PERFECT (SIMPLE) • PAST ACTIONS WITH A CONNECTION WITH THE PRESENT. • He’s found my glasses, so I can see now. • NEWS • A plane has crashed. • EXPERIENCES ( EVER, NEVER...) • Has she ever seen a UFO? • I’ve never been to Burgos. • YET, ALREADY, JUST... • Have you finished yet? • I’ve just had a look. • FINISHED ACTIONS IN AN UNFINISHED TIME CONTINUING UP TO NOW.(HOW MUCH, HOW LONG) • I’ve drunk 6 cups of coffee today.

  9. 3- PAST PERFECT • WHEN WE ARE ALREADY TALKING ABOUT THE PAST AND WE WANT TO TALK ABOUT AN EARLIER PAST ACTION. • We couldn’t get in because I had forgotten my keys.

  10. B - UNFINISHED ACTIONS 1- PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE • UNFINISHED ACTIONS CONTINUING UP TO NOW. • It has been raining all day. (it is still raining) • TO SAY “HOW LONG”. (+FOR/ SINCE) • How long have you been waiting? • I’ve been learning English for 6 years. • TO SAY HOW WE HAVE BEEN FILLING OUR TIME UP TO NOW. • I’m tired because I’ve been working in the garden. • NOT USUALLY TO TALK ABOUT LONG AND UNCHANGING SITUATIONS. • The castle has stood on that hill for 900 years. • WORK, STUDY, LIVE... • I’ve lived in Sabadelll for 40 years. • I’ve been living in Sabadell for two years.

  11. FOR + QUANTITY OF TIME (HOW LONG HAS THE ACTION LASTED) • TWO YEARS, ONE HOUR, A LONG TIME, AGES... • SINCE + AN EXACT POINT OF TIME ( WHEN THE ACTION STARTED) • 1997, YESTERDAY, TUESDAY, LAST WEEK, I WAS YOUNG....

  12. 2- PRESENT PERFECT (SIMPLE) • WITH NON-PROGRESSIVE VERBS!!!! • UNFINISHED ACTIONS CONTINUING UP TO NOW. • I’ve believed in God all my life. (I still believe) • TO SAY “HOW LONG”. (+FOR/ SINCE) • How long have you known Peter? • I’ve been a student in Ramarfor 4 years.

  13. Mai he vist aquesta pel.lícula. En Sam va arribar a San Diego fa dues setmanes. El meu millor amic i jo ens coneixem des de fa 15 anys. La meva mare ha escrit cinc llibres. No m’ho he passat bé des de que era un nen. Les coses han canviat molt a la meva ciutat. Ja has rentat els plats? Acabo de trucar al meu amic. Vaig passar les meves vacances d’estiu a Australia l’any passat. Quan t’ho van dir? I have never seen this film. Sam arrived in San Diego a week ago. My best friend and I have known each other for 15 years. My mother has written five books. I haven’t had a good time since I was a kid. Things have changed a lot in my city. Have you washed the dishes yet? I have just rung my friend. I spent my summer holiday in Australia last year. When did they tell you it?

  14. He estat practicant el piano durant 30 minuts. Els nens els nenes estan de vacances des de fa sis dies. Hem perdut l'autobús dos cops aquesta setmana. Quan fa que ella ens està esperant? Quantes vegades t’ho he dit? Quant sovint has netejat les finestres aquest any? Quan vas arribar? Vaig perdre les claus que ell m’havia donat. Vaig anar al pis d’abaix perquè havia sentit un soroll. Ell treballa en aquesta empresa des de fa dues setmanes. I have been practising the piano for 30 minutes. The children have been on holiday for six days. We have missed the bus twice this week How long has she been waiting for us? How many times have I told you? How often have you cleaned the windows this year? When did you arrive? I lost the key he had given to me. I went downstairs because I had heard a noise. He has been working in this company for two weeks.