Responding to the risk of flooding Andrew Watkinson School of Environmental Sciences University of East Anglia email@example.com
Flooding Flood risk represents a combination of the probability of the occurrence with its potential consequences
Managing the risk Foresight flood risk 2005: £575m per year 2035: £1 billion per year But ..... Flooding from intense rainfall events Source: Evans et al. 2004
Climate Change Risk Assessment • The global climate is changing and warming will continue over the next century • The UK is already vulnerable to extreme weather, including flooding and heatwaves • Flood risk is projected to increase significantly across the UK • UK water resources are projected to come under increased pressure • Potentially, there are health benefits as well as threats related to climate change, affecting the most vulnerable groups in our society • Sensitive ecosystems are likely to come under increasing pressure • etc
National Adaptation Programme Actions to address flood risk Actions to promote climate resilience in the health and social care system To reduce the risk of death and illness associated with severe weather events and climate change and increase preparedness and resilience to the impacts on public health. To promote climate resilience within the NHS, public health and social care system to ensure continuity of services and resilient assets/estates, including the ability to deal with the increased demand for services associated with severe weather related events.
Health Impacts Direct • Drowning • Physical injury • Diarrhoeal disease • Vector- and rodent-borne diseases • Chemical contamination • Respiratory infections • Skin/eye infections • Mental health Indirect • Damage to health care infrastructure and loss of essential drugs • Damage to water and sanitation infrastructure • Damage to crops and/or disruption of food supplies • Damage/destruction of property • Disruption of livelihood and income • Population displacement Source: Ahern and Kovats 2006