Era 6: Industrial Development of the United States (1870-1900)Learning Expectations:
What’s Going On? • Expansion of Americans further west • Troubles with the Natives over land • Opening of more trails and overland routes • Expansion of the cattle and farming industry
What’s Going On? • Increase in the development of the railroads • More rails in more places • Linking of the nation via truck lines
What’s Going On? • Moving toward an urban society • The lure of the city • Social and cultural change • Stirrings of Reform Showing New York City during the Panic of 1884
Essential Questions What were some of the new technologies or innovations of the Period? How did these new inventions and innovations affect the economy?
Alexander Graham Bell • What is He Famous For? • Telephone invented in 1876, at the age of 29 (Same age I am now.) • In 1877 he formed the first Telephone company. What was the name? • What Effects do we still see today?
Cornelius Vanderbilt • Owner of the New York Central Railroad • Also known as the “Commodore” • Entered the Railroad Industry at nearly age 70 • At his death in 1877 his railroad operated more than 4500 miles of track • University named after him: Vanderbilt University • What lasting effects remain?
Milton Hershey • Can anyone guess what he came up with and where he made his money? • First chocolate bars produced in 1900 • Giving the masses access to something that up until this point had been reserved for the wealthy • Sold his Caramel company to focus on chocolate in 1900 for $1,000,000 • Why was this important?
Andrew Carnegie • Immigrated to U.S. in 1848 at the age of 12 • Worked for 12 years as personal telegrapher for Thomas A. Scott of the Pennsylvanian Railroad • Most Famous contributions in the Steel Industry • Well known as a Philanthropist
John D. Rockefeller • A merchant from Cleveland, OH • Started his company, Standard Oil, at 24 years old • Absorbed and put competitors out of business • Well known as a visionary • Business model: High Quality at Low Prices • Led to Congress and the anti-trust laws
Effects of Industrialization • Monopolies • Rockefeller-Standard Oil • Vanderbilt- New York Central Railroad • Carnegie- Carnegie Steel • Jobs • Industrialization created opportunities • Low Wages • Long Hours
Effects of Industrialization • Small Businesses • Social Darwinism • Unable to thrive due to monopolies • Development of a middle class