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Atatürk; The Founder of The Turkish Republic PowerPoint Presentation
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Atatürk; The Founder of The Turkish Republic

Atatürk; The Founder of The Turkish Republic

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Atatürk; The Founder of The Turkish Republic

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  1. Zübeyde Hanım(Atatürk's mother) Ali Rıza Bey(Atatürk's father) Latife Hanım(Atatürk's wife) Makbule Hanım(Atatürk's sister) Atatürk's family Atatürk; The Founder of The Turkish Republic

  2. He was born in 1881 at the Kocakasım ward of Salonika,in a three story pink house.

  3. In 1893, he enrolled in military junior high school. • While at this school, his math teacher, also named Mustafa, added "Kemal" to his name.

  4. He attended the Manastır Military School between 1896 - 1899 and later the Military School in İstanbul from which he graduated in 1902 with the rank of lieutenant.

  5. He later entered the Military Academy and graduated on January 11, 1905 with the rank of major.

  6. Mustafa Kemal was stationed at Tobruk and Derne regions with a group of his friends during the war which started with the Italian attack on Tripoli. • He won the Tobruk battle in 22 December 1911 against the Italians. On March 6, 1912 he was made the Commander of Derne.

  7. When the Balkan War started in October 1912, Mustafa Kemal joined the battle with units from Gallipoli and Bolayır.

  8. Mustafa Kemal put his signature under a legend of heroism at Çanakkale during the First World War

  9. When, following the Mondros Armistice, the Allied forces started to take over the Ottoman armies, Mustafa Kemal went to Samsun on May 19, 1919 as 9th Army Inspector.

  10. He declared that " The freedom of the nation shall be restored with the resolve and determination of the nation itself" in Amasya

  11. He convened Erzurum Congress during 23 July - 7 August 1919

  12. He also convened Sivas Congress during 4 - 11 September 1919, thus defining the path to be followed towards the freedom of the motherland.

  13. He was met with great enthusiasm in Ankara on 27 December 1919. • With the initiation of the Turkish Grand National Assembly on 23 April 1920, a significant step was taken on the way to establishing the Turkish Republic.

  14. Turkish War of Independence started with the first bullet shot at enemy on 15 May 1919 during the Greek occupation of İzmir. • The significant stages of the Turkish War of Independence under the Command of Mustafa Kemal are • Ist İnönü Victory • IInd İnönü Victory • Sakarya Victory • Great Attack, Battle of the Chief Commander and the Great Victory

  15. On 29 October 1923, Turkish Republic was formally proclaimed and Atatürk was unanimously elected as its first President. Atatürk undertook a series of reforms to "raise Turkey to the level of modern civilization" which can be grouped under five titles • Political Reforms • Social Reforms • Legal Reforms • Reforms in the fields of education and culture • Economic Reforms

  16. When, following the Mondros Armistice, the Allied forces started to take over the Ottoman armies, Mustafa Kemal went to Samsun on May 19, 1919 as 9th Army Inspector.

  17. He convened Erzurum Congress during 23 July - 7 August 1919

  18. He also convened Sivas Congress during 4 - 11 September 1919, thus defining the path to be followed towards the freedom of the motherland.

  19. He was met with great enthusiasm in Ankara on 27 December 1919. • With the initiation of the Turkish Grand National Assembly on 23 April 1920, a significant step was taken on the way to establishing the Turkish Republic.

  20. Turkish War of Independence started with the first bullet shot at enemy on 15 May 1919 during the Greek occupation of İzmir. • The significant stages of the Turkish War of Independence under the Command of Mustafa Kemal are • Ist İnönü Victory • IInd İnönü Victory • Sakarya Victory • Great Attack, Battle of the Chief Commander and the Great Victory

  21. On 29 October 1923, Turkish Republic was formally proclaimed and Atatürk was unanimously elected as its first President.

  22. Atatürk undertook a series of reforms to "raise Turkey to the level of modern civilization" which can be grouped under five titles • Political Reforms • Social Reforms • Legal Reforms • Reforms in the fields of education and culture • Economic Reforms

  23. Political Reforms • Abolishment of the office of the Sultan (November 1922) • Proclamation of the Republic (29 October 1923) • Abolishment of the caliph (3 March 1924)

  24. Economic Reforms • Abolution of tithe • Encouragement of the farmers • Establishment of model farms • Establishment of industrial facilities, and putting into effect a law for Incentives for the Industry • Putting into effect Ist and IInd Development Plans (1933-1937), to develop transportation networks

  25. Reforms in the fields of education and culture • Unification of education (3 March 1924) • Adoption of new Turkish alphabet (1 November 1928) • Regulation of the university education (31 May 1933) and Innovations in fine arts

  26. Atatürk’s pictures

  27. We will love him forever…