Egyptian Art*Historical BackgroundEgyptian civilization / 3100 – 30 BC The culture of ancient Egypt developed along the banks of the Nile River more than 3,000 years before the birth of Christ.(3,000 BC)* Religion influenced every part of Egyptian life.* They believed “Afterlife”.*
Egyptian ArtCharacteristics* • Ancient Egyptian art refers to the style of painting, sculpture, crafts and architecture developed by the civilization in the lower Nile Valley from 3100 BC to 30 AD.* • Paintings and sculptures were both highly stylized and symbolic.* • Hieroglyphics was written in symbols and pictures instead of letters and words.* • Papyrus texts illustrate all dimensions of ancient Egyptian life and include literary, religious, historical and administrative documents.*
Paintings* • Ancient Egyptian artists decorated temples and tombs. * • Scenes from the person buried in the tomb were intended to remind the spirit of life on earth.*
Architecture* • Ancient Egyptian architects used sun-dried and kiln-baked bricks, fine sandstone, limestone and granite.* • The pyramids were built for the tombs of the Pharaohs.* • Pharaoh: Egyptian rulers, who were worshiped as Gods and held complete authority over the kingdom. • Construction of a burial monument commenced as soon a pharaoh was named, and continued until he died.
Artifacts* • Jewelry had a religious and magical significance in the Egyptian ancient world by protecting the wearer from evil.* • A large number of jewelry was found in tombs The Guardian Statues.Guarding Tutankhamen's Burial Chamber, this life-size pair of gilded wooden statues represented his ka, or soul. 22 karat gold ring with a pearl, turquoise, and amethyst stones. Ptolemaic. Egyptian 305 - 30 BC Bust of Nefertitiancient Egyptian queenpainted limestone1360 B.C.