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SOAP

Agenda. OverviewMessagingProcessing ModelProtocol BindingsAdvanced Usage Scenarios. . Definition. Lightweight protocol intended for exchanging structured information in a decentralized, distributed environment. XML messaging framework provides message construct that can be exchanged over a vari

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SOAP

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    1. SOAP Nik Kolev CSC-9010 - SOA Villanova University

    2. Agenda Overview Messaging Processing Model Protocol Bindings Advanced Usage Scenarios

    3. Definition Lightweight protocol intended for exchanging structured information in a decentralized, distributed environment. XML messaging framework provides message construct that can be exchanged over a variety of underlying protocols. Independent of any particular programming model and other implementation specific semantics. Major design goals simplicity and extensibility. Achieved by not dealing with security, reliability, routing, etc.

    4. Logistics Current Version: 1.2 http://www.w3.org/TR/soap/ Latest update 27 April 2007 XML protocol working group, World Wide Web Consortium. Simple Object Access Protocol (spec v.1.1) Service Oriented Architecture Protocol (post-acronym drop)

    5. Agenda Overview Messaging Processing Model Protocol Bindings Advanced Usage Scenarios

    6. Message Structure

    7. Message Exchange Patterns SOAP v1.2 specification outlines a simple messaging framework for transferring information between an initial SOAP sender and an ultimate SOAP receiver (in essence one-way, single-message communication) Application-level semantics add: Conversational RPC (Request-Response)

    8. Conversational

    9. RPC A finer-grained SOAP v1.2 design goal XML-encapsulate RPC-functionality; the following information needs to be present in the SOAP message: The address of the target SOAP node. The procedure or method name. Argument types and values / return types and value. Separation between the data and the metadata. Message exchange pattern Optional header data

    10. RPC Example

    11. Fault Scenarios SOAP provides a mechanism for handling situations where faults arise in the processing of a message. Specification distinguishes between The conditions that result in a fault The ability to signal a fault to the originator or another SOAP node in the chain env:Fault, env:Reason, env:Code elements

    12. Fault Example

    13. Agenda Overview Messaging Processing Model Protocol Bindings Advanced Usage Scenarios

    14. SOAP Processing Model Describes the (logical) actions taken by a SOAP node on receiving a SOAP message. A SOAP node is required to analyze the SOAP specific parts of a message. Message is syntactically conformant. env:Header processing attributes: env:role identifies the role played by the intended target of a header block env:mustUnderstand the SOAP node must process the header block according to its specification, given it plays the env:role specified in the header block env:relay specifies whether the header block should be relayed in the outbound form of the message

    15. Agenda Overview Messaging Processing Model Protocol Bindings Advanced Usage Scenarios

    16. SOAP Protocol Binding Refers to the specification of how SOAP messages make it from one node to another (ex. over a TCP stream, within an HTTP entity - predominantly, etc). The underlying protocol also deals with providing the serialized representation of the SOAP infoset (usually XML). In general, the SOAP binding protocol provides the features that the SOAP specification chose not to deal with (in order to support its main design goals).

    17. SOAP HTTP Binding

    18. Agenda Overview Messaging Processing Model Protocol Bindings Advanced Usage Scenarios

    19. Advanced Features Intermediaries (Forwarding, Active) Encoding Schemes Optimized Serialization (Message Transmission Optimization Mechanism) http://www.w3.org/TR/soap12-part0/#L579

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