Download
how does the mandate of heaven work n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
How does the Mandate of Heaven work? PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
How does the Mandate of Heaven work?

How does the Mandate of Heaven work?

426 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

How does the Mandate of Heaven work?

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. How does the Mandate of Heaven work?

  2. New dynasty gains power, restores peace and order, and claims to have Mandate of Heaven. In time, dynasty declines and becomes corrupt; taxes are raised; power grows weaker. Dynastic Cycle in China Dynasty is overthrown through rebellion and bloodshed; new dynasty emerges. Role of Mandate of Heaven Disasters such as floods, famines, peasant revolts, and invasions occur. Old dynasty is seen as having lost Mandate of Heaven; rebellion is justified.

  3. Primary Source Description • “Heaven, unpitying, has sent down ruin on Yin [Shang]. Yin has lost the Mandate, and we Zhou have received it. I dare not say that our fortune would continue to prosper, even though I believe that heaven favors those who are sincere in their intentions. I dare not say, either it would end in certain disaster. . . . • The Mandate of Heaven is not easy to gain. It will be lost when men fail to live up to the reverent and illustrious virtues of their forefathers.” • – Duke of Shao

  4. Let’s look at the dynastic cycle at work… Make some predictions.

  5. Qin (ch’in) Empire 221-206 BCContributions to China • Standardized written characters. • Standardized weights and measures, coinage (money), and axle widths. • Legalism philosophy • Unified and expanded Chinese borders • Great Wall of China

  6. Decline and Fall of the Qin Empire • Taxes are too high. • Peasants (farmers) have to work for free one month of the year and must serve in the military. • Legalism philosophy means harsh punishments. • Government burns books that don’t teach legalism. • Thousands of common people die building the Great Wall. • What is the result?

  7. Qin lose Mandate of Heaven!Rebellion of the common people.A new dynasty rise, the Han.

  8. Han Empire 202 BC-220 ADContributions to China • Confucianism: respect for family and government, kindness, education valued • Technological innovations: paper, magnetic compass, printing, gunpowder, water mills, iron and steel • Silk Road built and better ships for Indian Ocean trade

  9. Decline and Fall of the Han Empire • Taxes are too high. • Peasants (farmers) have to work for free one month of the year and must serve in the military. • Peasants forced to sell land and become tenant farmers. • China attacked by nomads from the north. • Government corruption. • What is the result?

  10. Han lose Mandate of Heaven!Rebellion of the common people.A new dynasty will not rise for 400 years.