Sermon on the Mount (Mt:5):Jesus “fulfills” the LawPOWERPOINT 2B
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings Church of the Beatitudes Traditional site of “Sermon on the Mount”
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings Mount of Beatitudes
What is Tanakh? “Tanakh” is an acronym referring to the three parts of the Hebrew bible. The first part of the Hebrew Bible contains the Law. • Torah: Law • Nabi’im: Prophets • Kotebim: Writings
What is the Torah? The Torah • Torah consists of the first five books of the Bible; • Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers Deuteronomy; • It is also called the Pentateuch; • It is also called the “books of Moses,” or sometimes just “Moses”; • “The Ten Commandments” are a core element of the Torah.
List some of the transformations of the Law made by Jesus. (Mt 5:17-48) “You have heard it said… butI say to you…”: • Law: “Thou shalt not kill.” • Jesus: do not be angry • Law: “Thou shalt not commit adultery.” • Jesus: do not even look lustfully; treat with honor • Law: You may “write a certificate of divorce…” • Jesus: Marriage is lifelong commitment • Law: “You shall not swear falsely…” • Jesus: Do not swear an oath at all (make everything you say absolutely truthful) • Law: “an eye for an eye” • Jesus: Turn the other cheek; give cloak; go another mile
What “law” does Jesus claim to “fulfill” and not “abolish”? (Mt 5:17) “Do not think that I have come to abolish the law or the prophets. I have come not to abolish but to fulfill.” • The Law he is referring to is the Torah; also called the law of Moses; • The Law has been handed down through the history of Israel; • The Law contains binding laws of God that shape the community of the God of Israel, tell Israel how to live. • The core of law is the Ten Commandments, but it also includes other laws in the first five books of the Bible (the “books of Moses”) • the rabbis speak of “613 mitzvot (commandments)” (Jesus embraces the Law, and claims to bring it to its fruition)
The transformations of the Law “fulfill” rather than “abolish” it:List four aspects of this “fulfillment.” • The Law is preserved as valid: • he does not reject it; • The Law is intensifiedin its meaning: • he does not “relax” or “reduce” it; • The Law is read according to “spirit” and “letter ”: • he extends it beyond the literal to get to its deeper meaning • The Law not only prohibits evil, it promotes good: • Jesus focuses the Law on love (of God and neighbor)
Red Letter OutlinePPT 2B - Jesus “fulfills” the Law • What is Tanakh? • What is the Torah? • List of the Ten Commandments. • List of transformations/fulfillment of the Law:“You have heard it said… but I say to you…” • Jesus claims to “fulfill” and not “abolish” the Law. (Mt 5:17) • The transformations of the Law “fulfill” rather than “abolish” it: List four aspects of this “fulfillment” Jesus achieves.
Sermon on the Mount (Mt:5):Jesus “fulfills” the LawEND POWERPOINT 2B