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# Inferences

Inferences. Inferences . Inferences = ideas that you, as a reader, come up with on your own based on the evidence you find in a text As readers, we must evaluate an author’s evidence to support an analysis of the text Sometimes, we have to read between the lines. Inference Practice.

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## Inferences

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1. Inferences

2. Inferences • Inferences = ideas that you, as a reader, come up with on your own based on the evidence you find in a text • As readers, we must evaluate an author’s evidence to support an analysis of the text • Sometimes, we have to read between the lines

3. Inference Practice • You walk into a room and this is what you see: blood on the floor, an empty birdcage, and a happily purring cat. You put the clues together and conclude that the cat ate the bird. You've just made an inference, or an informed conclusion. When reading, we also use clues to make inferences. By reading between the lines, we can discover meaning that's not directly stated by the author.

4. Inference Practice • "Troy stuttered, blushed and shook as he addressed the crowd." What can you infer about Troy from this statement? • A. Troy enjoys public speaking. • B. Troy is nervous. • C. Troy is an actor.

5. Inference practice • The sun was low in the sky. Kay's body ached. Blisters had formed on her hands. She set the rake down on the big pile of leaves and headed for home. • What can you infer from this passage? • A. Kay dislikes raking leaves. • B. Kay had been feeling sick. • C. Kay had been working for a long time.

6. Inference practice • As usual, Jim left for school ten minutes later than he should have. His shoelaces were untied and his backpack was unzipped. He had traveled only one block when he heard his mother shout his name. He looked back and saw her waving his brown bag lunch. • What can you infer from this passage? • A. Jim is disorganized and forgetful. • B. Jim is in the 4th grade. • C. Jim takes the bus to school.

7. Inference practice • Rubin made a mental checklist: Do laundry. Go to supermarket and get groceries. Clean house. Fix hallway light. Change the bed sheets in guest room. Wrap presents. His parents were coming in the morning and he didn't know how he would get everything done. • What can you infer from this passage? • A. Rubin is forgetful. • B. Rubin is stressed. • C. Rubin’s parents are strict.

8. Turn to page 48 • In your books, read the excerpt from Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain. Answer questions 1-4. • Read “Picking a Pet” on page 49 and answer questions 5 and 6. • You can write your answers in your notes.

9. Comparing and Contrasting literature • Compare = analyzing similarities • Contrast = analyzing differences • Style = a writer’s unique way of conveying a point

10. Central Ideas and Details • The CENTRAL IDEA = what the passage is all about • To identify a central idea, you must first read carefully. Look for clues and use thinking questions such as: • What is the passage mostly about? • Is there one sentence that states the central idea? • How can I summarize the passage in my own words?

11. Central Ideas and Details • Analyze the development of the central idea • Look at how the author builds the idea and uses details to support it • Pick out exactly which part of the text supports an idea • Always be able to cite evidence that supports your analysis of a text • Look for the five Ws and one H: who, what, when, where, why, and how

12. Author’s Purpose • An author’s purpose for writing may be to inform, to entertain, to motivate, to persuade, etc. • Identify an author’s purpose, or motivation, from the way the author writes • The way the author writes is his or her STYLE • An author’s style comes through in the words and phrases used in a text • Turn to page 87 in your books. Read “A Trip to Remember” and answer questions 1 & 2 • Afterwards, we play TRASHKETBALL!!!

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