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Captivity, Return and Silent 400 Years Lesson 1 PowerPoint Presentation
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Captivity, Return and Silent 400 Years Lesson 1

Captivity, Return and Silent 400 Years Lesson 1

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Captivity, Return and Silent 400 Years Lesson 1

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  1. Captivity, Return andSilent 400 YearsLesson 1 Review Introduction

  2. Periods of Bible History

  3. Genesis 1-5 Before The Flood

  4. Genesis 6-10 The Flood

  5. Shinar Tower of Babel Genesis 11 Scattering of the People

  6. Haran Canaan Ur Abraham Patriarchs

  7. Canaan Abraham Isaac Jacob Joseph Patriarchs Egypt

  8. Nation Promise fulfilled Covenant Law Tabernacle Priesthood A Pharaoh arose who did not know Joseph after 400 years Moses plagues on Egypt Exodus

  9. Spies sent into Canaan Miriam and Aaron die Moses sins Balaam and Balak Joshua appointed 40 years of wandering Wandering in Wilderness

  10. Canaan Conquered the Eastern side Moses sees the land and dies on Mt Nebo Joshua is ready to enter the Promised land Wandering in Wilderness

  11. Northern campaign Land is divided Central campaign Southern campaign Land promise fulfilled Invasion and Conquest

  12. Rebellion Repression Repentance Rescue ‘We want a king’ Judges

  13. Israel Saul 1040 – 1000 B.C. David 1000 – 960 B.C. Solomon 960 – 920 B.C. United Kingdom

  14. Israel X Israel North 10 tribes Jeroboam All evil kings Judah South 2 tribes Rehoboam Few good kings Divided Kingdom

  15. Israel fell in 721 B.C. to Assyria Divided Kingdom

  16. Judah X Judah 721 – 586 B. C. Judah Alone

  17. Judah taken into Babylon 1st group in 606 B.C. 2nd group in 597 B.C. 3rd group in 586 B.C. 70 years Captivity

  18. Palestine Zerubbabel in 536 B.C. Ezra in 458 B.C. Nehemiah in 445 B.C. Return from Captivity

  19. Palestine Amos 8:11 ‘a famine of hearing the word of God’ ??? Years of Silence

  20. Years of Preparation (30 years) Beginning of Ministry (6 months) Life of Christ

  21. Bible Periods Period of Judges United Kingdom Saul 1040-1000 David 1000-960 Solomon 960-920 Divided Kingdom Israel 920-721 Judah 721-586 World Empires Assyrian & Egyptian Assyrian & Egyptian Assyrian & Egyptian Chaldean & Medes Bible Periods and World Empires

  22. Bible Periods Captivity of Israel Captivity of Judah 1st Return 2nd Return Silent 400 Years World Empires Assyrian & Egyptian Babylonian & Egyptian Persian Medes Grecian Maccabean Rome Bible Periods and World Empires

  23. Egyptian Empire

  24. Assyrian Empire

  25. Babylonian Empire

  26. Persian Empire 539 B. C.

  27. Median Empire

  28. Greek Empire 331 B.C.

  29. Roman Empire

  30. Introduction • God’s Control and Use of the Nations • Jeremiah 18:1-10 (Edom Obadiah 1:3-4) • Dan 2:37-44 • Romans 13:1 • Individuals • Pharoah Rom 9:17 • Sennacherib II Kings 19:35-36 • Cyrus Isa 44:28Ezra 1:1-2, II Chron 36:22-23 • Nations • Assyria Isaiah 10:12-13 • Babylon Hab 1:5-6 • Egypt II Kings 35:20-21 (Egyptian coalition with Assyria against Babylon in 609 BC)

  31. Introduction • From Babylon to Pentecost • Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream Dan 2:31-44 • Babylon 605-539 • Medo-Persian 539-321 Dan 8:18-25 • Greece 321- 68 • Roman 68 Dan 2 & Dan 8 • The Fifth Kingdom of Daniel …”in the days of these kings shall a kingdom be established that shall never be destroyed” • Enrollment in days of Augustus(31BC – 14AD) Luke 2:1 • John the Baptist begins his work during reign of Tiberius Tiberius (14AD – 37AD) Luke 3:1-2 • Acts 2

  32. Introduction • The Remnant • “For behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, that I will bring back from captivity My people Israel and Judah. And I will cause them to return to the land that I gave to their fathers, and they shall possess it.” Jer 30:3 • “There is hope in your future, says the Lord, that your children shall come back to their own border” Jer 31:17 • 70 years Jer 29:10 • Spiritual remnant Rom 9:27

  33. Introduction • Key Events • Fall of Judah • 605 Daniel taken in this group • 597 Ezekiel taken in this group • 586 Fall of Jerusalem • 1st Return Zerubabel • Rebuild temple (536-516BC) • 2nd Return Ezra 458BC • 3rd Return Nehemiah 444BC • Rebuild walls of Jerusalem

  34. Introduction • Silent 400 Years • Ptolemies reign over Judah 320-198 BC • Time of prosperity for Jews • High priests responsible for internal affairs • Septuagint translated about 285BC • Seleucid reign over Judah 198-166 BC • Antiochus III defeats Egypt and assumes rule over Israel • Oppression under Antiochus IV (Epiphanes) • Copies of Law burnt • Sabbath observance not permitted • Maccabean revolt • Revolt begins with Judas Maccabees • Purifies temple in 165BC (Hanukkah celebrates this event) • Roman Empire • Augustus Caesar 31 BC – 14 AD • Tiberius Caesar 14 AD – 37 AD

  35. Introduction • Key Learnings • A remnant returns • Seed promise required preservation of Israel Gen 12:2, Gal 3:26-27 • Gen 49:12; II Sam 7:11-15; Matthew 1:1-16 • Israel Rom 9:27 • Church …after 400 years of silence Rom 9:27 • …in the fullness of time Gal 4:4 • God keeps promises • Nation promise • Land promise Josh 21:45 • Seed promise Gal 3:27 • Remnant preserved Rom 9:27 • God’s control over the nations • Jer 18 • Premillenial Theory Dispelled • Josh 21:45 • Remnant returned • Jeremiah 22:30 Coniah’s seed

  36. Introduction • Prophets during this period • Daniel • 1st captivity in 605BC until Cyrus (536BC) • Read in Jeremiah concerning 70 years (Jer 29:10) • Significant Messianic content • Jeremiah • Began in days of Josiah continuing into Babylonian captivity • Harbinger of God’s judgment and final plea for repentance • Ezekiel • 2nd captivity in 597BC • Spiritual Hope & Guidance to exiles • Haggai • Build the Temple Haggai 1:7-8 • Work on temple began under Cyrus then stopped • 2nd year of Darius (522-486BC)

  37. Introduction • Prophets during this period • Zechariah • Year written 520BC • Returns with first group in 536BC • Messianic prophet • Malachi • Year written 440BC • Condemnation of Israel’s indifference the Law and worship • Prophetic coming of Elijah (John the Baptist) Mal 4:5-6 Mt.17:11-13

  38. Introduction • Leaders during this period • Ezra • Priest of God • Chronicled history of return under Cyrus, Darius and Artaxerxes • Empowered by Artaxerxes Ezra 7:21-26 • Nehemiah • Leads return to rebuild walls in Jerusalem • Esther (During reign of Ahasuerus 486-465BC)