Curriculum Modifications for Children in ElementarySchool Who Exhibit Learning Difficulties Laura A. Riffel, Ph.D.
Advanced Organizers:Concept mapsKWL chartsVenn DiagramsGatekeeper
Website to help build Concept Maps: http://cmap.ihmc.us/
Writing on the plane is a pain….. • Some children have difficulty transferring what they see on a vertical plane to a horizontal plane. • Some teachers assume the students are being lazy. • I used to type out whatever was on the board and I told the students to decide which worked best for them. • Within a few weeks, I knew how many copies I needed to make each day.
Animals Got through gate Were told to turn back Elephant Tiger Shark Crocodile Whale Lion Bear • Cows • Horses • Chickens • Pigs • Sheep • Goats Farm Animals
Mnemonics Page 21
Spelling • Michenbaum’s 5-step Cognitive Learning Theory • Step One: The teacher voices and demonstrates the concept • Step Two: The teacher voices the concept while the students demonstrate on individual boards • Step Three: The students voice and demonstrate the concept on individual boards • Step Four: The students whisper and demonstrate the concept on individual boards • Step Five: The students think and demonstrate the concept on paper or boards.
M-U-S-C-L-E-S • M-u-s-c-l-e-s, muscles make the very best biceps (sung to the tune of Nestle’s Quick)
Spelling Manipulatives Page 33
For spelling struggles try: • Practicing with:
Word Searches http://www.edhelper.com/puzzles.htm?gclid=CN3xus-1pJICFQGCxwodUk3xQg This one has a price of $19.99 http://websearch.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?zi=1/XJ&sdn=websearch&zu=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.armoredpenguin.com%2Fwordsearch%2F This one is free Pages 14 & 41
Positive Behavior Support Riffel
Spelling on a Ring • Give children index cards to write: • Difficult spelling words • Favorite words • Word of the Day
Have a Ball Page 22
Kinesthetic Activities Connect visual and auditory • Take an ordinary rubber ball and a permanent marking pen. • Divide the ball into sections. • Write questions all over the ball. • The students toss the ball and where their right thumb lands- that is the question they must answer. • The child can “phone” a friend if needed. • The student then chooses to toss the ball to someone else.
MathInterventions Page 18
Dot Math 5 4 9 ______ 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 + 15, 16, 17, 18 18
10 5 4 9 8 3 2 7 1 6 Secrets about Math
3 Stars and Wish Page 17
The way you used personification in this story really helped me visualize the setting. 2. The spacing of your cursive handwriting really made it easy for me to read. 3. The action words you chose made the climax of the story very pivotal. I wish you’d add some more detail describing the main characters. Way to go, I can’t wait to read it again.
3-2-8 Paragraph The things I learned about Kansas included mythical creatures,state symbols,and land facts.There is a mythical creature called a jayhawk. The jayhawk is the mascot of the University of Kansas. The state flower is the sunflower. The state bird is the meadowlark. The main crop grown in Kansas is wheat. The geographical center of the United States is in Kansas. I learned some interesting facts about Kansas.
Writing Tool page 43 • PenAgain • www.penagain.com • Also available at Wal-mart, Walgreens & Office Depot.