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Curriculum Modifications for Children in Elementary School Who Exhibit Learning Difficulties

Curriculum Modifications for Children in Elementary School Who Exhibit Learning Difficulties

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Curriculum Modifications for Children in Elementary School Who Exhibit Learning Difficulties

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  1. Curriculum Modifications for Children in ElementarySchool Who Exhibit Learning Difficulties Laura A. Riffel, Ph.D.

  2. Reading and Subject Comprehension Interventions

  3. Advanced Organizers:Concept mapsKWL chartsVenn DiagramsGatekeeper

  4. Website to help build Concept Maps: http://cmap.ihmc.us/

  5. Page 5

  6. KWL Charts

  7. Page 7

  8. Copying from the board

  9. Writing on the plane is a pain….. • Some children have difficulty transferring what they see on a vertical plane to a horizontal plane. • Some teachers assume the students are being lazy. • I used to type out whatever was on the board and I told the students to decide which worked best for them. • Within a few weeks, I knew how many copies I needed to make each day.

  10. Venn Diagrams

  11. Page 8

  12. Page 8

  13. Animals with 4 legs and two legs

  14. Gatekeeper Game

  15. Animals Got through gate Were told to turn back Elephant Tiger Shark Crocodile Whale Lion Bear • Cows • Horses • Chickens • Pigs • Sheep • Goats Farm Animals

  16. Mnemonics Page 21

  17. Spelling • Michenbaum’s 5-step Cognitive Learning Theory • Step One: The teacher voices and demonstrates the concept • Step Two: The teacher voices the concept while the students demonstrate on individual boards • Step Three: The students voice and demonstrate the concept on individual boards • Step Four: The students whisper and demonstrate the concept on individual boards • Step Five: The students think and demonstrate the concept on paper or boards.

  18. M-U-S-C-L-E-S • M-u-s-c-l-e-s, muscles make the very best biceps (sung to the tune of Nestle’s Quick)

  19. Spelling Manipulatives Page 33

  20. For spelling struggles try: • Practicing with:

  21. Writing in the sand

  22. Use dye cut machine

  23. Writing with glue

  24. Word Searches http://www.edhelper.com/puzzles.htm?gclid=CN3xus-1pJICFQGCxwodUk3xQg This one has a price of $19.99 http://websearch.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?zi=1/XJ&sdn=websearch&zu=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.armoredpenguin.com%2Fwordsearch%2F This one is free  Pages 14 & 41

  25. Positive Behavior Support Riffel

  26. Spelling on a Ring • Give children index cards to write: • Difficult spelling words • Favorite words • Word of the Day

  27. Have a Ball Page 22

  28. Kinesthetic Activities Connect visual and auditory • Take an ordinary rubber ball and a permanent marking pen. • Divide the ball into sections. • Write questions all over the ball. • The students toss the ball and where their right thumb lands- that is the question they must answer. • The child can “phone” a friend if needed. • The student then chooses to toss the ball to someone else.

  29. MathInterventions Page 18

  30. Dot Math 5 4 9 ______ 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 + 15, 16, 17, 18 18

  31. Music to Learn

  32. 10 5 4 9 8 3 2 7 1 6 Secrets about Math

  33. Creative Writing and Report WritingInterventions Page 41

  34. 3 Stars and Wish Page 17

  35. The way you used personification in this story really helped me visualize the setting. 2. The spacing of your cursive handwriting really made it easy for me to read. 3. The action words you chose made the climax of the story very pivotal. I wish you’d add some more detail describing the main characters. Way to go, I can’t wait to read it again.

  36. 3-2-8 Paragraph The things I learned about Kansas included mythical creatures,state symbols,and land facts.There is a mythical creature called a jayhawk. The jayhawk is the mascot of the University of Kansas. The state flower is the sunflower. The state bird is the meadowlark. The main crop grown in Kansas is wheat. The geographical center of the United States is in Kansas. I learned some interesting facts about Kansas.

  37. Writing Tool page 43 • PenAgain • www.penagain.com • Also available at Wal-mart, Walgreens & Office Depot.

  38. Elements Page