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Human Genome Project

Human Genome Project

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Human Genome Project

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  1. Human Genome Project Sagal Afrah and JazminBatey

  2. SYLLABUS STATEMENT 4.4.6 • Human Genome Project: What is it, what are the outcomes, where are they now, as well as the importance and what is being done with this information learned?

  3. What is it? • The Human Genome Project (HGP) was an international cooperative venture established to sequence the 3 billion base pair (~25,000 genes) in the human genome 

  4. What are the outcomes? • Mapping:  We now know the number, location and basic sequence of human genes • Screening:  This has allowed for the production of specific gene probes to detect sufferers and carriers of genetic disease conditions • Medicine:  With the discovery of new proteins and their functions, we can develop improved treatments (pharmacogenetics and rational drug design) • Ancestry:  It will give us improved insight into the origins, evolution and historical migratory patterns of humans 

  5. Where are they now? • With the completion of the Human Genome Project in 2003, researcher have begun to sequence the genomes of several non-human organisms

  6. What is the importance of the HGP? What’s being done? • It is important because it uses information from DNA to develop new ways to treat and cure (even prevent) disease that effect us. • The goal of the HGP is to identify all of the approx 30,000 genes in human DNA. • With the HGP, we can improve diagnosis of disease, detect genetic predispositions to disease earlier and control gene therapy.

  7. HOW DOES IT WORK? • Basically, the HGP determines the sequences of the three billion base pairs that make up our human DNA, and stores this information in their data bases. • With the information, we can essentially understand the “blueprint for building a person” • This allows researchers to understand and treat diseases at a more advanced level.

  8. Quiz Time! • When was the Genome Project first introduced? • 1990 • 1994 • 2000 • 1989

  9. Explain how the hgp is impactful to modern medicine

  10. List two of the four outcomes of the hgp