Decoration wall-painting Vitruvius/ August Mau (1882)
Second Style ( Architectural Style) 90-25 BCE Villa of the Mysteries
Villa of the Mysteries Megalographia
Villa of the Mysteries Intensive restoration Wax and petroleum Coating Removed and re-applied to re-built walls.
Colors • Seven basic colors: black, white, blue, yellow, red, green and orange made from 15 mineral pigments. Common pigments—soot/ chalk
Exotic Pigments According to Pliny= paid for by patron • Cinnabar (Spain) ( mercury sulphide)- maximum price set by law ( 2x price of Egyptian blue) • Celadonite (Cyprus) green • Egyptian blue ( sand+copper+ calcium carbonate)
Technique (Fresco) • Types of Paint 1) Mixed with water 2) Egg binder ( finishing touches)
Piles of lime Sand Mosaic fragments Compasses Mixing bowls More than 50 pots of paint
Yellow ochre sketch Scaffolding Bottom not yet plastered
Vitruvius ( De Architectura, VII.5.1-4) • How can a reed really support a roof or a candelabrum support gable ornaments? How can such a thin and pliant stalk carry a seated figure, or how can both flowers and half-length statues emerge from roots and shoots? • No paintings should be sanctioned except those that obey the principles of authenticity.
Rationale behind location of Decoration • How much choice? • Does use of room influence choice of subject?
First style wall-painting Domestic atria Public buildings Symbolizes public space in house
Impact Of Paintings • Graffito in service area of a House excavated in the 7o’s “ Look. There’s not only those Theban women but, Dionysus and the royal maenad too.” Painting of Dirce later found in house. (Dirce, captured, disguised as maenad and a shrine of the gods with group of maenads in front)
Sources of Mythological Scenes • Pattern books? • Lost Greek masterpieces?