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Decoration PowerPoint Presentation

Decoration

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Decoration

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  1. Decoration wall-painting Vitruvius/ August Mau (1882)

  2. First style wall-painting

  3. Incrustation Style (150-90 BCE)

  4. Second Style ( Architectural Style) 90-25 BCE Villa of the Mysteries

  5. 2nd style - (trompe l’oeil) Rome

  6. Oplontis

  7. Oplontis/Boscoreale

  8. House of Livia (Rome)

  9. Villa of the Mysteries Megalographia

  10. Villa of the Mysteries Intensive restoration Wax and petroleum Coating Removed and re-applied to re-built walls.

  11. Colors • Seven basic colors: black, white, blue, yellow, red, green and orange made from 15 mineral pigments. Common pigments—soot/ chalk

  12. Exotic Pigments According to Pliny= paid for by patron • Cinnabar (Spain) ( mercury sulphide)- maximum price set by law ( 2x price of Egyptian blue) • Celadonite (Cyprus) green • Egyptian blue ( sand+copper+ calcium carbonate)

  13. Technique (Fresco) • Types of Paint 1) Mixed with water 2) Egg binder ( finishing touches)

  14. House of the Painters at Work

  15. Piles of lime Sand Mosaic fragments Compasses Mixing bowls More than 50 pots of paint

  16. Yellow ochre sketch Scaffolding Bottom not yet plastered

  17. Third Style (Ornate Style) 25 BCE-14 14 ce

  18. Vitruvius ( De Architectura, VII.5.1-4) • How can a reed really support a roof or a candelabrum support gable ornaments? How can such a thin and pliant stalk carry a seated figure, or how can both flowers and half-length statues emerge from roots and shoots? • No paintings should be sanctioned except those that obey the principles of authenticity.

  19. Third Style- “ panel Paintings”

  20. Mythological Scenes

  21. Landscapes

  22. Portraits?

  23. xenia

  24. Painted marble

  25. Fourth style (Intricate Style) 40 onwards

  26. Aternatives-House of the Gilded Cupids

  27. Rationale behind location of Decoration • How much choice? • Does use of room influence choice of subject?

  28. Zebra walls ( Service Quarters?)

  29. Gardens

  30. First style wall-painting Domestic atria Public buildings Symbolizes public space in house

  31. Triclinium-Mythological Discussion at Dinner?

  32. House of Octavius Quarto (Narcissus)

  33. Impact Of Paintings • Graffito in service area of a House excavated in the 7o’s “ Look. There’s not only those Theban women but, Dionysus and the royal maenad too.” Painting of Dirce later found in house. (Dirce, captured, disguised as maenad and a shrine of the gods with group of maenads in front)

  34. Sources of Mythological Scenes • Pattern books? • Lost Greek masterpieces?