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World War II: The Pacific Theater PowerPoint Presentation
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World War II: The Pacific Theater

World War II: The Pacific Theater

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World War II: The Pacific Theater

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  1. World War II:The Pacific Theater

  2. The Pacific Theater • Setting the Stage: Aggression in Asia • 1931: Japan invaded Manchuria (NE province of China rich in minerals) • 1937: Japan invaded China who was experiencing a civil war • Japan needed raw materials especially oil to be #1 in Asia

  3. The Pacific Theater • Attack at Pearl Harbor • Japan had hoped to cripple the US Pacific Fleet • Several carriers were out to sea when Japan attacked on 12/7/41 • Japan also attacked Guam, Wake Island, Midway Islands and the Philippine Islands on the same day • Once the home front mobilization hit high production, Japan truly did awaken a sleeping giant

  4. James Doolittle

  5. The Pacific Theater • Doolittle Raid • James Doolittle led a raid on Tokyo with B-25 bombers • Helped boost American morale • Showed the Japanese were not invincible • Inflicted little damage to the city

  6. General Douglas MacArthur

  7. The Pacific Theater • Island Hopping • The Supreme Allied Commander for the Pacific Theater was General Douglas MacArthur • The US adopted the Island Hopping or Leap Frog strategy moving from island to island • The fighting in the Pacific was difficult for several reasons: • 100 degree heat – humidity caused jungle rot and diseases • Many islands • Japanese motto “Death before Dishonor” • Kamikaze attacks: suicide attacks damaged 300 ships and caused 15,000 casualties

  8. Kamikaze

  9. The Pacific Theater • Key Victories for the Allies • Battle of Midway • Japanese hoped to use Midway as a base to neutralize Pearl Harbor • Balance of power in the Pacific shifted towards the allies • Battle of Guadalcanal • The Japanese advance was stopped • All momentum shifted to the US • Battle of Iwo Jima • 20,500 Japanese killed and 6,000 US Lives lost • Put Americans within striking distance of Japanese home islands

  10. Battle of midway

  11. Battle of Guadalcanal

  12. Battle of Iwo Jima

  13. The Pacific Theater • Possible Options for Finishing off the Japanese • Invasion of Japan which could cost over 1,000,000 Allied soldiers • Use of the Atomic Bomb (secret)