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WORLD WAR II

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WORLD WAR II

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  1. WORLD WAR II “Germany must either be a world power or there will be no Germany” Adolph Hitler 'Mein Kampf'

  2. World War II: Causes

  3. World War II: Causes • The Treaty of Versailles: • Never fully enforced by countries that signed the treaty. • Weak peace in Europe.

  4. World War II: Causes • The Treaty of Versailles: • Never fully enforced by countries that signed the treaty. • Weak peace in Europe. • The League of Nations: • U.S. didn’t join

  5. World War II: Causes • The Treaty of Versailles: • Never fully enforced by countries that signed the treaty. • Weak peace in Europe. • The League of Nations: • U.S. didn’t join • Economic Depression in Europe: • People lost their jobs and stores had very little to sell. • People very scared about their future.

  6. Germany’s role:

  7. Germany’s role: The Nazi Party promised jobs, increased services, and military might.

  8. Germany’s role: The Nazi Party promised jobs, increased services, and military might. January 30, 1933: Adolf Hitler appointed chancellor of Germany

  9. Germany’s role: • The Nazi Party promised jobs, increased services, and military might. • January 30, 1933: Adolf Hitler appointed chancellor of Germany • 3/23/33: Enabling Act is passed: gives Hitler absolute power for 4 years. • Blames Jews and Gypsies for all of Germany’s problems. • Germany needed “Lebensraum” (living space)

  10. Germany’s role: 1934

  11. Germany’s role: 1934 6/30/34: Night of the Long Knives: Hitler’s personal guard, the SS, kills about 1,000 people who have “plotted against Hitler”.

  12. Germany’s role: 1934 6/30/34: Night of the Long Knives: Hitler’s personal guard, the SS, kills about 1,000 people who have “plotted against Hitler”. Creates the Gestapo: Secret police.

  13. Germany’s role: 1934 6/30/34: Night of the Long Knives: Hitler’s personal guard, the SS, kills about 1,000 people who have “plotted against Hitler”. Creates the Gestapo: Secret police. Permanent labor camps are built.

  14. Germany’s role: 1935

  15. Germany’s role: 1935 January 1935: Saar plebiscite: Saar valley “vote” on whether to be French or German ….. Germany wins the election.

  16. Germany’s role: 1935 January 1935: Saar plebiscite: Saar valley “vote” on whether to be French or German ….. Germany wins the election. Treaty of Versailles said this should happen!!

  17. Germany’s role: 1936

  18. Germany’s role: 1936 3/7/36: Hitler sends troops into the Rhineland.

  19. Germany’s role: 1936 • 3/7/36: Hitler sends troops into the Rhineland. • Goes against the Treaty of Versailles!

  20. Germany’s role: 1938

  21. Germany’s role: 1938 3/11/38: Hitler threatens the Austrian government

  22. Germany’s role: 1938 3/11/38: Hitler threatens the Austrian government 3/13/38: The Anschluss: Hitler annexes Austria

  23. Germany’s role: 1938 • 3/11/38: Hitler threatens the Austrian government • 3/13/38: The Anschluss: Hitler annexes Austria • Goes against the Treaty of Versailles.

  24. Germany’s role: 1938 • 3/11/38: Hitler threatens the Austrian government • 3/13/38: The Anschluss: Hitler annexes Austria • Goes against the Treaty of Versailles. • 9/29/38: Munich conference (Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France) allows Germany to occupy the Sudetenland (was Czechoslovakia) • Policy of appeasement:

  25. Germany’s role: 1939

  26. Germany’s role: 1939 March 1939: All of Czechoslovakia is occupied by German forces.

  27. Germany’s role: 1939 March 1939: All of Czechoslovakia is occupied by German forces. 3/31/39: France and Great Britain guarantee to support Poland.

  28. Germany’s role: 1939 3/39: All of Czechoslovakia is occupied by German forces. 3/31/39: France and Great Britain guarantee to support Poland. 4/7/39: Italy invades and annexes Albania. 8/23/39: Molotov – von Ribbentrop Pact is signed (Soviet Union and Germany non-aggression pact)

  29. World War II: 1939 9/1/39: Germany invades Poland.

  30. World War II: 1939 9/1/39: Germany invades Poland. 9/3/39: Great Britain and France declare war on Germany.

  31. World War II: 1939 9/1/39: Germany invades Poland. 9/3/39: Great Britain and France declare war on Germany. 9/17/39: Soviet Union sends troops to Poland.

  32. World War II: 1939 9/1/39: Germany invades Poland. 9/3/39: Great Britain and France declare war on Germany. 9/17/39: Soviet Union sends troops to Poland. 9/28/39: Poland surrenders to Germany.

  33. World War II: 1939 9/1/39: Germany invades Poland. 9/3/39: Great Britain and France declare war on Germany. 9/17/39: Soviet Union sends troops to Poland. 9/28/39: Poland surrenders to Germany. 11/30/39 Soviet Union invades Finland.

  34. World War II: 1940

  35. World War II: 1940 • 4/9/40: Germany invades Denmark and Norway. • Denmark surrenders on 4/9 and Norway on 6/9.

  36. World War II: 1940 • 4/9/40: Germany invades Denmark and Norway. • Denmark surrenders on 4/9 and Norway on 6/9. • 5/10/40: Germany attacks France, The Netherlands, Luxembourg, and Belgium. • Luxembourg surrenders on 5/10, The Netherlands on 5/14, and Belgium 5/28.

  37. World War II: 1940 • 4/9/40: Germany invades Denmark and Norway. • Denmark surrenders on 4/9 and Norway on 6/9. • 5/10/40: Germany attacks France, The Netherlands, Luxembourg, and Belgium. • Luxembourg surrenders on 5/10, The Netherlands on 5/14, and Belgium 5/28. • 6/10/40: Italy invades Southern France.

  38. World War II: 1940 • 6/22/40: France surrenders. • Same railroad car is used that was used to have Germany sign their surrender ending WWI.

  39. World War II: 1940 • 6/22/40: France surrenders. • Same railroad car is used that was used to have Germany sign their surrender ending WWI.

  40. World War II: 1940 • 6/22/40: France surrenders. • Same railroad car is used that was used to have Germany sign their surrender ending WWI. • 7/10 to 10/31: Battle of Britain: Ends in German “defeat”.

  41. World War II: 1940 • 6/22/40: France surrenders. • Same railroad car is used that was used to have Germany sign their surrender ending WWI. • 7/10 to 10/31: Battle of Britain: Ends in German “defeat”. • 9/13/40: Italy invades Egypt.

  42. World War II: 1940 • 6/22/40: France surrenders. • Same railroad car is used that was used to have Germany sign their surrender ending WWI. • 7/10 to 10/31: Battle of Britain: Ends in German “defeat”. • 9/13/40: Italy invades Egypt. • 9/27/40: Germany, Italy, and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact.

  43. World War II: 1940 • 6/22/40: France surrenders. • Same railroad car is used that was used to have Germany sign their surrender ending WWI. • 7/10 to 10/31: Battle of Britain: Ends in German “defeat”. • 9/13/40: Italy invades Egypt. • 9/27/40: Germany, Italy, and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact. • 10/28/40: Italy invades Greece.

  44. World War II: 1940 • 6/22/40: France surrenders. • Same railroad car is used that was used to have Germany sign their surrender ending WWI. • 7/10 to 10/31: Battle of Britain: Ends in German “defeat”. • 9/13/40: Italy invades Egypt. • 9/27/40: Germany, Italy, and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact. • 10/28/40: Italy invades Greece. • 11/40: Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania join the Axis.

  45. World War II: 1941

  46. World War II: 1941 3/1/41: Bulgaria joins the Axis.

  47. World War II: 1941 3/1/41: Bulgaria joins the Axis. 4/6/41: Germany, Hungary, and Italy invade Yugoslavia and Greece.

  48. World War II: 1941 6/22/41: Operation Barbarosa begins at 3:30 A.M.

  49. World War II: 1941 • 6/22/41: Operation Barbarosa begins at 3:30 A.M. • Germany invades the Soviet Union with • 3 million troops • 3,500 tanks • More than 7,000 artillery • More than 2,000 aircraft

  50. World War II: 1941 • 6/22/41: Operation Barbarosa begins at 3:30 A.M. • Germany invades the Soviet Union with • 3 million troops • 3,500 tanks • More than 7,000 artillery • More than 2,000 aircraft • Goal is Lebensraum (living space) • Agricultural areas • Mineral resources • Established industry