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WORLD WAR II

WORLD WAR II

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WORLD WAR II

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  1. WORLD WAR II

  2. TERRITORIAL EXPANSION IN THE PACIFIC – 1930’s Hideki Tōjō, Prime Minister of Japan from 1941 to 1944. 1931: Manchuria Hirohito, the Emperor of Japan.

  3. JANUARY 1933 ADOLF HITLER GERMAN CHANCELLOR FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT U.S. PRESIDENT THE DEMOCRAT THE DICTATOR

  4. THE RISE OF FACISM: EUROPENationalism and Racism Adolf Hitler: Germany Benito Mussolini: Italy Depression: Economic Chaos Humiliation: Treaty of Versailles Blamed Jews and Communists Wants Lebensraum for Aryans in the Third Reich Wants to restore Glory Of the Roman Empire Few gains from WWI

  5. 1935 Mussolini invades Ethiopia U.S. Passes Neutrality Laws Depression Isolationism WWI Horrors Hitler Rearms Military

  6. 1936 Hitler sends troops into the Rhineland Hitler Allies With Japan Hitler & Mussolini form Axis Powers

  7. 1937 Japan Attacks China “Burn All, Kill All, Steal All” The Rape of Nanking: Rape, Murder, Mutilation 300,000 killed FDR bans exports to Japan

  8. 1938 ANSCHLUSS Hitler Annexes Austria MUNICH AGREEMENT Hitler takes the SUDENTENLAND Italy, France, and Britain agree “Peace with honour”

  9. 1939 Hitler takes the rest of Czechoslovakia Non-Aggression Pact Hitler and Stalin Agree to split Poland

  10. September 1939 Hitler Invades Poland Polish Calvary

  11. 1939 Continued... Poles and Jews considered subhuman Moved to Central Government Section Jews confined to ghettos Poles and Jews forced laborers Starvation becomes “clean violence”

  12. 1939 Continued... SOVIETS INVADE POLAND Polish POW’s 300,000 Polish POW’s Only 538 survive massacres or Soviet Gulags. Soviets Annex Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania SITZKRIEG ”Sitting War” in West Quiet for 8 months

  13. 1940 German Blitzkrieg Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxemburg and France Fall to Germany Anti-Semitism in all conquered nations BATTLE OF BRITAIN Four month German air attack

  14. 1941: A VERY BIG YEAR LEND-LEASE ACT “ARSENAL OF DEMOCRACY” Hitler: Complete control Of S.E. Europe Prepared for a Soviet Invasion

  15. 1941 Continued... BLUNDER #1 GERMANY INVADES THE SOVIET UNION SS MOBILE KILLING UNITS MURDER 700,000 JEWS, 1000’S OF UKRAINIANS, POLES AND GYPSIES

  16. 1941 Continued... The Russian people were fiercely protective… The Siege of Leningrad 1941-1944

  17. 1941 Continued... MAXIMUM EXTENT OF AXIS CONTROL When WWII ended, Lend-Lease had extended over $41 billion in aid to more than 40 nations, including Britain, the USSR and China

  18. 1941 Continued... JAPAN ATTACKS PEARL HARBOR December 7 Intent on capturing the Philippines, Japan attempts to knock out the Pacific Fleet before the U.S. enters the war 18 ships lost, 200 planes lost, 2400 dead

  19. 1941 Continued... Simultaneous attacks on Hong Kong, Guam, Philippines, Wake Island, and Midway BLUNDER #2 Hitler and Mussolini Declare War on the U.S., Expecting the U.S. to concentrate on the Pacific

  20. 1942 GERMANY PLANS FOR THE “FINAL SOLUTION” 24,000 “processed” per day

  21. 1942 Continued... JAPAN CAPTURES THE PHILIPPINES MacArthur retreats To Australia “I WILL RETURN” BATAAN DEATH MARCH 1000’S Executed and starved

  22. 1942 Continued... FDR APPROVES PLANS FOR JAPANESE INTERNMENT 112,000 people interred For over 3 years 442nd Regimental Combat Team Most highly–decorated regiment in the history of the U.S.