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World War II

World War II

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World War II

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  1. World War II

  2. What Caused World War II ? Competing Empires “Spheres of Influence” England France USSR Japan United States Italy Economic Depression Led to the rise of militaristic dictators Hitler Mussolini Tojo Treaty of Versailles German anger at the harsh terms that ended WWI Alliance System Failure of the League of Nations Allied Powers Axis Powers

  3. Prelude • Japan • Invasion of Manchuria • Rape of Nanking • Italy • Invasion of Ethiopia • Germany • Rhineland • Sudetenland • Czechoslovakia • Austria • Anschluss • Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact

  4. 1939Opening • September 1, 1939 • German invasion of Poland • Blitzkrieg • England and France Declare War on Germany • Partition of Poland by Germany and USSR • Soviet Invasion of Finland • “Winter War” • “The Phony War”

  5. 1940 • German Invasion of Denmark and Norway • Narvik • “Case Yellow” • Manstein Plan • German invasions of Belgium, The Netherlands, and France • Dunkirk • Fall of France • Battle of Britain • Operation Sea Lion • RAF • Radar • The Blitz

  6. 1941 • Battle of the Atlantic • Blockade • Supply lines • U-Boats • Convoys • Yugoslavia • Greece • Operation BARBAROSSA • German invasion of the USSR • Largest land invasion ever • Leningrad • Kiev • Moscow • Zhukov • Pearl Harbor

  7. Pearl Harbor • US Pacific Fleet • Yamamoto • Taranto attack • Aircraft carriers • Sneak attack • Dive bombers • Torpedo Bombers • Results of the Raid • Battleship fleet sunk • Aircraft carriers missing

  8. 1942 • Battle of the Coral Sea • North Africa • Rommel • AfrikaKorps • Montgomery • El Alamein • Operation Torch • Battle of Midway • Guadalcanal • Operation Blue • Volga River, Caucasus oil • Stalingrad

  9. Stalingrad • Stalin’s City on the Volga • German Sixth Army • Paulus • Soviet 62nd Army • Chuikov • “War of the rats” • Counterattack and Encirclement • Winter Storm • Annihilation

  10. 1943 • Casablanca Conference • Liberation of Leningrad • Warsaw Uprising • Allied Invasion of Sicily • Fall of Mussolini • Invasion of Italy • Salerno • Kursk • Strategic Bombing of Germany • RAF Bomber Command/ Sir Arthur Harris • Bombing of Hamburg • Firestorm • Tarawa • Solomon Islands • Liberation of Kiev

  11. 1944 • Liberation of Leningrad • Italy • Anzio • Monte Cassino • Liberation of Rome • Saipan • D-day • Largest amphibious invasion ever • Operation Valkyrie • Attempt to kill Hitler • Liberation of Paris • Battle of the Philippine Sea • “The Great Marianas Turkey Shoot” • Operation Bagration • Massive Soviet offensive • Leyte Gulf • Largest naval battle ever • Battle of the Bulge

  12. Battle of the Bulge • German Counterattack • Ardennes Forest • Malmedy • Massacre of US prisoners by SS • Bastogne • Siege • US Third Army • Patton • Effect • Destroyed Hitler’s last reserves in the West • 600,000 US troops • Largest single battle ever fought by the US Army

  13. 1945 • Vistula-Oder Offensive • Yalta Conference • Invasion of Iwo Jima • Dresden Firestorm • Invasion of Okinawa • Berlin • Hitler commits suicide • V-E Day • Firebombing of Tokyo • Trinity Nuclear Test • Potsdam Conference • Atomic bombing of Hiroshima • Atomic bombing of Nagasaki • V-J Day • Unconditional surrender of Japan

  14. Legacies • Nuremberg • *War Crimes Trials • Nuclear Weapons • The Holocaust • *Israel • *Arab-Israeli conflict • The U.N • The Cold War • *Berlin Airlift • *Korea • *NATO • *Warsaw Pact • *Berlin Wall • *The Space Race • *Moon landing • *Cuba • *Vietnam • *Central America • *Fall of the Iron Curtain and the Berlin Wall • *German Reunification • *Fall of USSR • *Afghanistan • *Soviet invasion • *mujahadeen • *al-Queda • *9/11/2001 • *War on Terror