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Returning Home

Returning Home

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Returning Home

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  1. Returning Home • WW I Veterans returned find there were no jobs. • Women • High taxes • Transition

  2. Taxation • Pre 7% • After 73%

  3. The Red Scare • After the war there was a strong movement toward communism • Unions began going on strike • Seem as a microcosm of communism

  4. TAV Chapter 17 The Roaring 20’s

  5. 1920 Election • “A return to normalcy.” • Warren G. Harding

  6. Warren G. Harding • Scandals • Confronted by Harding • Charles Cramer-Veterans Bureau selling Govt. Med. supplies – suicide • 2 months later Jess Smith-Selling Govt. favors – suicide

  7. Tea Pot Dome • Interior Sec. Albert B. Fall was profiting from the lease of oil reserves in T.P.D., Wyoming & Elk Hills, CA. • 300,000

  8. The Automobile • Invented in the 1890’s • By the 1920’s the automobile was seen as affordable for everyone • It made it easier for people to get around • During the 1920’s the registration of cars jumped from 8 million to 23 million

  9. Henry Ford • Began his Co. in 1903 to make cars • 1910, 30,000 Model T’s a year • Tin Lizzies • 1914, started using assembly lines to make the Model T • Black only

  10. Automobiles Contd. • By the Mid 1920’s Chevrolet started outselling Ford by offering cars in various colors

  11. Charles Lindbergh • From Minnesota • Stunt pilot and delivered air mail • 1927, at age 25 Lindbergh flew non-stop across the Atlantic Ocean • New York to Paris • Paid $25,000 • Lucky Lindy

  12. More Leisure Time • By the mid 1920’s the average work week was around 50 hours • Previously in 1900, the average work week was around 60 hours

  13. Radio • In 1920, only 20,000 people had homemade receivers. • Frank Conrad, began broadcasting music & baseball scores from Pittsburgh. • Fall 1920, the first commercial radio station started in Pittsburgh • KDKA 1020 AM

  14. Radio Continued • By 1922, over 500 radio stations were in operation. • Networks started playing the same programs nationwide.

  15. The Jazz Age • After WW I ended many of the young people began going to college and looking to their friends for behavioral standards • During the 1920’s a combination of jazz, blues, & Dixieland music caught the attention of young people • Dance halls were packed and many dance contests took place

  16. The Jazz Age Cont’d • Many of the popular dances originated in the black communities • Turkey Trot • Charleston • There was a more carefree approach to living • Other youthful pranks were flagpole sitting and goldfish eating

  17. Goldfish Swallowing

  18. Flagpole Sitting • Alvin “Shipwreck” Kelley • First started the fad in response to a dare. • The first time he was up 13 hours & 13 minutes. • The record is 49 days held by Kelley.

  19. Social Changes • Women began to wear more revealing clothes • Knees and arms were actually exposed! • Discussions of sex became more prevalent • Women started to use make-up • Make-up had previously only been used by actresses and prostitutes • The Flapper was the nickname given to women who embraced the dress & behavior of the time • More women entered the workforce • Many Contd. to work even after getting married

  20. Managerial Revolution • Study of how work gets done • Taylorism • White-Westinghouse Studies

  21. Welfare Capitalism • Benefits

  22. Section 3

  23. Increase in Nativism • Fear of immigrants

  24. Immigration • 1921, Emergency Quota Act-Restricted immigration to 3% • 1924, National Origins Act-restricted immigration to 2% of the 1890 census.

  25. Sacco & Vanzetti • April 15, 1920, 2 men robbed & killed 2 shoe store employees. • Sacco & Vanzetti were picked up for the crime • Gun & bullets • Professed anarchists • Executed August 23, 1927

  26. Increase in the KKK • Former Confederate Officers • Nathan Bedford Forrest • Re-est. In 1915 under William J. Simmons • Flourished during the 1920’s • Great Migration • Immigration

  27. The Jazz Age • After WW I ended many of the young people began going to college and looking to their friends for behavioral standards • During the 1920’s a combination of jazz, blues, & Dixieland music caught the attention of young people • Dance halls were packed and many dance contests took place

  28. Fundamentalism • The theory of evolution was growing b/c of Darwin. • The Fundamentalist rejected the new scientific views • The Bible is the inspired word of God and is literally correct.

  29. Prohibition • Temperance Movement 1815 • Jan. 20, 1919, the 18th Amendment was ratified. • The Amendment took affect in Jan. 1920.

  30. Volstead Act – Treasury Dept. over enforcing prohibition • Speakeasies