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  1. WALLS Patricia Henriquez Luis Lara Yunuwy Verde

  2. Walls • In the construction, walls are used as elements to delimit and divide spaces. These can be built with many materials. However, in these days the most commonly used materials are brick and drywall, wood being less frequent and their derivatives. There are places in which, by their low level of development, cultural and economic, techniques are still used as stone walls, adobe or mud. In other places, with mild climates, the walls can take a Lighter look and conform for different types of plants, like bamboo.

  3. ExternalWall • The walls play a roll like wrap and delimit spaces, protection of the external environment and in some cases walls have a structural function. These walls must provide sealing against water.

  4. Retainingwalls • Used to stop masses of soil or other loose materials when conditions do not allow these bodies to assume their natural slopes

  5. Shotcrete wall • After making the slope, dig into the ground deep-tensioned cables in a mesh surface metal is placed on the ground and the cables are secured with anchors. They are placed in the lowest part of the land drainage pipes, drain the soil moisture. Finally, pressure hoses, concrete projects on the ground. This is perhaps the most efficient types of retaining walls.

  6. Cantileverwall • Instead of anchors, the wall is stabilized with a shoe, which should be the same length as the height of the wall. There should not be greater than 6 meters. It is made with reinforced concrete.

  7. Gabion Wall • The walls are basically metal baskets filled with stones. These walls should not exceed 3 meters.

  8.  Wall troddenearth • The earth must be compacted in layers of small thickness, to give greater strength to the soil in each layer are placed pieces that work very similar to the shoes, these pieces are prefabricated and must fit one with another.

  9. Bearing wall or Load-bearing wall • These are walls that have a structural function, must withstand loads. For this type of wall should be used resistant to compression and tension materials, is used reinforced concrete.

  10. Tunnelformworksystem

  11. Dividingwall and Facade • The role of this wall is to isolate or separate, must have acoustic, thermal, waterproof characteristics, depending on its use.

  12. Drywall • The main advantages of the Construction System Dry Drywall, are its speed of execution, great versatility, less weight on existing structures, cleaning and lower cost than traditional systems, while offering better levels of comfort and ease when make repairs or changes to both false walls and ceilings.

  13. Wood wall • Walls are composed of a supporting structure lined with wood on both sides. The supporting structure can be wood or metal. These walls can be inside or outside, depending on the construction system used.

  14. Modular woodenwalls BalloonFrame

  15. Curtainwall • A curtain wall is defined as thin, usually aluminum-framed wall, containing in-fills of glass, metal panels, or thin stone. The framing is attached to the building structure and does not carry the floor or roof loads of the building. The wind and gravity loads of the curtain wall are transferred to the building structure, typically at the floor line. 

  16. Green Wall or Vertical Garden • The Vertical Garden, know as Le Mur Végétal in French, was conceived after many observations in natural environments. The vertical garden relies on a new way to grow plants without any soil. • The vertical Garden can be implemented outdoor or indoor, in any climatic environment. The plant species selection is mainly set according to the prevailing climatic conditions. • For indoor location an artificial lighting is usually required watering and fertilization are automated. The vertical garden acts as a photonic and thermic isolation system. It is also an air purification device.

  17. Walls in theWorld

  18. Chinesewall

  19. Wailingwall

  20. Berlinwall

  21. Hadrian's Wall

  22. Bibliography • • • • • • • • •