A Hitchhiker’s Guide to APA Style and Formatting Briar Cliff University Writing Center
Great APA Resources • 6th edition of APA Publication Manual • OWL at Purdue: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ • Beware of citation generators that supposedly do all the work for you—as with all things, if it’s too good to be true, then it probably is.
Strategies for Navigating APA Successfully 1. Figure out what type of source you are looking at. -Is it a book, a periodical, or is it electronic? 2. Recognize how you are accessing it. -Are you holding a physical copy of the book or periodical in your hand, or did you get them electronically? 3. Go to the applicable spot in OWL (or other resource) and model the example that fits your specific source type.
Potential Pitfalls in APA • Point of View: make sure you write in the 3rd person point of view. • 1-1 Correspondence: make sure the sources you provide in your reference list are represented by at least one in-text citation within the essay itself. Author and date of publication information within in-text citation should match up with information provided in reference citation.
Some Common Citation Errors • Citing a web page • Citing an article from a database • Citing indirect sources • Citing a direct quote vs. Citing a paraphrase or summary • Citing an unknown author • Citing an organization as author • Citing an unknown date of publication • Citing sources without page #’s
Citing a Direct Quote vs.Citing a Paraphrase or Summary • When citing a paraphrase or summary, at minimum, you must include the author’s last name and the year of publication. • Example: (Allen, 2010). • It would not be wrong, however, to include a page # here as well—Example: (Allen, 2010, p.33). • When citing a direct quote, you must include author, date, and page information. • Example: (Allen, 2010, p.33).
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