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Soil

Soil . Sand, Silt, Clay . Soil. The outer layer of the earth’s crust, supports plant growth. Mineral matter is the non-living substances that make up soil. It is rock that weathered to make up soil. SAND, SILT, CLAY

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Soil

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  1. Soil Sand, Silt, Clay

  2. Soil • The outer layer of the earth’s crust, supports plant growth. • Mineral matter is the non-living substances that make up soil. • It is rock that weathered to make up soil. • SAND, SILT, CLAY • Texture is determined by the percentage of sand, silt and clay present in the soil.

  3. Sand • Largest Soil Particle, you can see each particle • Good aeration and water flow. • Poor WHC and Cation Exchange Capacity=CAN’T HOLD NUTRIENTS

  4. Silt • Mixture of sand and clay • Mid-size particle, holds water and nutrients. • Feels like flour when dry and smooth when wet.

  5. Clay • Smallest Soil Particle, holds water and nutrients. • Poor aeration and water drainage. • Clumps when dry. • Has the most surface area

  6. Loam • When there are equal amounts of sand, silt and clay.

  7. Humus • Organic matter that will not break down any further. • Comes from plant leaves, roots, stems. • Soil with lots of OM will be dark in color. • Organic soil is more productive • Kind of like a natural compost material…

  8. Tilth • The ease of which soil can be worked. • Moles, earthworms, ants help this process. • Increase Aeration • Increase Nutrient Content • Increase Water Drainage

  9. Soil Texture Chart Find the percentage of each soil type. Where they all meet, is the type of soil.

  10. Let’s Practice! Complete the texture chart worksheet on your own. What texture do each of the percentages represent?

  11. Soil Drainage Lab • In each of your greenhouse groups… • Materials: • Three potting containers • Three plastic cups • Peat moss • Organic Soil • Regular planting soil • Fill each container with equal amounts of soil and add 1 cups of water. • Allow the containers to drain into the plastic cups for 10 minutes. • Finally, Make your own Mix! Which groups is the best at retaining water!?!

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