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Kenya’s Youth Today PowerPoint Presentation
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Kenya’s Youth Today

Kenya’s Youth Today

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Kenya’s Youth Today

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  1. Kenya’s Youth Today From the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey

  2. There are --- million young people (age 15-24) in Kenya today.

  3. Inspirational Quote Here

  4. Presentation Outline • Picture of Kenya’s youth today • Growing up in the shadow of HIV/AIDS • What do young people know about HIV/AIDS? • Sexual practices • Family planning use • Marital violence, smoking and alcohol • Next Steps

  5. Source of Data • 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS) • Fieldwork took place April- Sept. 2003

  6. Kenya’s Youth Today

  7. Education of Young Women and Men Percent of men and women (15-24) who have completed primary school or more 47% 51% 11% 43% Kenya: 53 % 70% Greater than national average Less than national average 47% 44% 81%

  8. Education

  9. Employment

  10. Growing Up in the Shadow of AIDS

  11. HIV Prevalence by Province 4.0% 5.3% <1% Kenya: 6.7% 4.9% Greater than national average Less than national average No positive HIV tests 4.9% 15.1% 5.8% 9.9%

  12. HIV Prevalence by Age prevalence Age

  13. HIV Prevalence Among Young People (age 15-24) 1% 3% <1% Kenya: 3.6% 2% Greater than national average Less than national average No positive HIV tests 4% 9% 3% 4%

  14. HIV Prevalence and Age at First Sex Percent HIV-positive

  15. What Do Young People Know About HIV/AIDS?

  16. Knowledge of Condoms Percent who know that using condoms prevents transmission of HIV/AIDS

  17. Knowledge of Maternal to Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS Percent who know that HIV can be spread during breastfeeding

  18. Knowledge Prevention of Maternal to Child Transmission of HIV Percent who know that taking drugs during pregnancy can reduce transmission risks

  19. Sexual Practices

  20. Sexual Behavior among Youth • Women: almosthalf of young women have sex by the time they turn 18. And more than one in ten (13%) have sex by the time they are 15. • Men: Young men start having sex at an earlier age. Sixty percent had sex by age 18, and a quarter had sex by age 15. The good news: Young people are waiting longer to start having sex than they did 5 years ago.

  21. Teen Pregnancy and Motherhood Percent of women age 15-19 who are mothers or pregnant with their first child. 15% 31% 29% 27% 15% Kenya: 23% 21% Greater than national average Less than national average 29% 20%

  22. Premarital Sex and Condom Use Percent

  23. Multiple Sexual Partners Percent of all women and men who had more than 1 sexual partnership in the past year Age

  24. HIV Testing Percent of all women and men who have ever been tested and received results Age

  25. Use of Family Planning

  26. Current Use of Family Planning Percent of all women using a family planning method Age

  27. Unmet Need for Family Planning Percent of all women with an unmet need for family planning (either they do not want any more children or want to wait at least 2 years before their next birth but are NOT using a method of family planning) Age

  28. Violence, Alcohol and Tobacco

  29. Marital Violence Percent of married and divorced/ separated women, age 20-24 who have experienced violence by their most recent or current husband

  30. Alcohol and Tobacco Use • One in five men age 20-24 smoke cigarettes. • Almost one in three men age 20-24 drank alcohol in the month before the survey. • Young women drink much less frequently than men; only 4% of 20-24 year old women drank alcohol in the month before the survey.

  31. What Does This Mean?