Today’s Agenda • Video Theodore Roosevelt • Audio “The Square Deal” • Guided Notes 8.4 – Roosevelt’s Square Deal • Annotated timeline of Roosevelt’s life and presidency • Compare/Contrast Roosevelt & Taft’s policies • Exit Slip: 3-2-1
Roosevelt vs. Wilson 8.4 & 8.5 Combined
Writing Assessment on your own paper! • Guiding Question: What strategies were used by members of minority groups to defend their rights? • Write a paragraph (3 – 5 sentences) in response to the question above. Remember to start your paragraph by restating part of the original question and writing as if your audience knows nothing about the topic. • Checklist: • Do I have 3 – 5 sentences? • Does my paragraph begin by restating my question? • Did I use correct grammar and spelling to the best of my ability? • Did I completely answer the question? • Does my writing make sense?
Today’s Agenda • Bellwork - Historical Figure Chart – Roosevelt vs. Wilson • Roosevelt vs. Wilson Graphic Organizer
Historical Figure Chart • Today you will complete “Historical Figure Concept Webs” on BOTH Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson. • The concept webs are on the center of your table: • Use your textbook (sections 4 and 5 of Chapter 8) • 15 minutes
State Performance Indicators • EH 7.3.1 Recognize progress of political/social reforms, 1890-1930.
Guiding Questions Theodore Roosevelt 8.4 Woodrow Wilson 8.5 Section Focus Question: What steps did Wilson take to increase the government’s role in the economy? What did Wilson hope to do with his “New Freedom” plan? How did Wilson attempt to reform the economy? What was the legacy of the Progressive Era? • Section Focus Question: What did Roosevelt think government should do for citizens? • What were Theodore Roosevelt’s ideas on the role of government? • How did Roosevelt change the government’s role in the economy? • What was the impact of Roosevelt’s actions on natural resources? • How could you compare and contrast Taft and Roosevelt’s policies?
Objectives for Learning Theodore Roosevelt 8.4 Woodrow Wilson 8.5 Section Focus Question: What steps did Wilson take to increase the government’s role in the economy? Evaluate what Wilson hoped to do with his “New Freedom” program. Describe Wilson’s efforts to regulate the economy. Assess the legacy of the Progressive Era. • Section Focus Question: What did Roosevelt think government should do for citizens? • Discuss Theodore Roosevelt’s ideas on the role of government. • Analyze how Roosevelt changed the government’s role in the economy. • Explain the impact of Roosevelt’s actions on natural resources. • Compare and contrast Taft’s policies with Roosevelt’s.
Graphic Organizer – Roosevelt vs. Wilson Graphic Organizer Checklist – how do I earn an “A” Did I complete the chart? Did I focus on major details that explain each topic? Did I focus on using my own words and not copying from the book? • Use your text to locate pertinent information about both Teddy Roosevelt (8.4) and Woodrow Wilson (8.5). • The specific topics you need to address are listed on the chart. • Be sure to use your own words and include details that EXPLAIN each topic.
Theodore Roosevelt – Excellent Resume • Attended Harvard University • Elected to the New York State Assembly • President of New York City’s Board of Police Commissioners • Assistant Secretary of the Navy • Governor of New York • Vice-President of the United States under William McKinley • 26th President of the US after McKinley’s assassination
Thomas Woodrow Wilson • 28th President of the United States – in office from March 4, 1913 – March 4, 1921 • Born December 28, 1856Staunton, Virginia & Died February 3, 1924 inWashington, D.C. • Also: • 34th Governor of New Jersey • President of Princeton University
Task 1 - Foldable • Today we will create a foldable based on comparing and contrasting Roosevelt and Wilson. • Procedure: • Take 1 sheet of construction paper • Fold it like a hotdog • Create 3 tabs by folding it in thirds • Your tabs should be titled: Roosevelt, What they shared, Wilson • Remember to keep your guiding questions in mind as you create your foldables. • 20 minutes
Task 2 – Objective Jigsaw • To demonstrate understanding and mastery of today’s material each group will “jig-saw” the objectives we are dealing with today. • Procedure: • Each group will be assigned 1 objective to address. • As a group work to come to a consensus answer (hint: it helps if you EACH come up with your own and then discuss and compare ALL your answers) • Select a member of your group to present your answer to the class. • To turn in: • 1 group sheet with your consensus answer (staple this on top) • Each group members individual answers
Closure – G-Sprite Analysis • Our last 15 minutes will be devoted to analysis of our section 1 and 2 G-Sprite Charts.
Roosevelt and his Square Deal • “When I say I believe in a square deal, I do not mean to give every man the best hand. If good cards do not come to any man, or if they do come, and he has not got the power to play them, that is his affair. All I mean is that there shall be no crookedness in the dealing.” - 1905 • His goal was not to provide a safety net for the poor but to make sure big business did not take advantage of those smaller than they.
Trustbusting & Industry Regulation • Coalminer’s strike – 1902 became the first instance where the federal government stepped in on the behalf of workers in a strike – threatened to take the mine over if the owners did not give the workers a raise and a shorter workday. • Elkins & Hepburn Acts – fined railroads that were giving favored shippers special rates and gave the ICC better enforcement powers
Trustbusting & Industry Regulation • Roosevelt enforces the Sherman Antitrust Act but makes the distinction between “good” trusts and “bad” trusts claiming big business good be more efficient. • Food & Drug Reform • Meat Inspection Act - government takes responsibility for food safety. • Pure Food and Drug Act – ensures the safety and honest labeling of all foods and medicines
Roosevelt and the Environment • Roosevelt cared deeply about preserving the environment but balanced this desire with using the resources contained in wild areas like timber and water. • Believed in “rational use” policy of Gifford Pinchot thatcalled for preserving timberlands allowing timber to mature into good lumber. • National Reclamation Act, which gave the federal government the power to decide where and how water would be distributed
Roosevelt vs. Taft • Taft elected president in 1908 and proceeded to follow his own agenda that diverged from Roosevelt’s. • Did not lower tariffs as much as Roosevelt wanted • “busted” twice as many trusts as Roosevelt and weakened the hardline of the Sherman Anti-Trust act • Fired Gifford Pinchot of the U.S. Department of Agriculture
Roosevelt and “New Nationalism” • Roosevelt was so angered by Taft’s policies that he attempted to run for a third term on the Progressive Party ticket against Taft. • New Nationalism—a program to restore the government’s trust-busting power. • Protect common people through social justice programs. • Regulate business so common people would not be exploited.
Annotated Timeline • To annotate means “to supply with critical or explanatory notes” • Your task: you will create a timeline of the major events and decisions of Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency (minimum of 10 dates well annotated) . • Include as an assignment title the following • His name and the dates of his presidency
Exit Slip • Closure 3-2-1: Give me 3 main ideas from today’s lesson, 2 supporting details for each, and 1 thing you would like to know more about.
Wilson’s New Freedom Chapter 8 Section 5
US History Bellwork • Read the following quote - “The man with only a little capital is finding it harder and harder to get into the field, more and more impossible to compete with the big fellow. Why? Because the laws of this country do not prevent the strong from crushing the weak” • Write at least one paragraph addressing how those in big business might think about this attitude.
Today’s Agenda • Bellwork • Sorting Activity with writing exercise • Quick Quiz 8.5 with CPS response units
How we will address Woodrow Wilson Election of 1912 Wilson’s New Freedom Wilson’s economic policy Wilson on Organized Labor & Workers Wilson and Progressivism’s Legacy
Wilson Sorting Activity and Writing Exercise • Part 1 - On your table you will find a bag with assorted cards. • Take out the cards and locate the underlined cards that read: The Election of 1912, Wilson and the Economy, Banks, Tariffs, Trusts, Wilson on Labor, & Legacy of Progressivism (in that order) • Arrange those cards on the table and sort the remaining cards from the bag into the correct categories using your book to help you. • Within each category arrange the cards into an order that shows relationships (chronological or logical) between ideas. • Part 2 - When your table completes sorting all the cards into the correct categories you will use them to create a written summary of the Wilson election, presidency, and the legacy of Progressivism.
Coming up next time… • The exam date for this quarter will be Monday December 13. • Wednesday you will receive a review guide to help you create your own study materials to help you prepare for the exam. • We will also begin a class review process using potential test questions from my test bank. This means not every question will be on the test but MANY will! So pay attention and participate!