China and the Chinese People - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. China and the Chinese People

  2. By the end of this lesson you will: • Know some basic facts about China • Be able to greet someone and ask their name • Know your numbers 1-10 (and be able to count to 10 on one hand) • Be able to write 3 characters in Chinese

  3. Capital: Beijing Language: (mainly) Mandarin Chinese and Cantonese Population: 1,3 billion (that’s 1,300,000,000!!) 20 times more people than the UK!

  4. Chinese Inventions

  5. All About the Great Wall of China The Great Wall of China was built over 2,000 years ago, by Qin Shi Huangdi, the first emperor of China during the Qin (Ch'in) Dynasty (221 B.C - 206 B.C.). In Chinese the wall is called "Wan-Li Qang-Qeng" which means 10,000-Li Long Wall (10,000 Li = about 5,000 km).

  6. Some basic phrases… Ni hao = hello Ni hao ma? = how are you? Hao = fine Ni jiao shenme (mingzi)? = What’s your name? Wo jiao Robert = My name is Robert Xie-xie = thank you Zai –jian = bye!

  7. Ni hao! Ni hao ma? Ni hao! Wo hao! Ni hao ma? Hen hao. Ni jiao shenme mingzi? Wo jiao Homer. Ni ne? Wo jiao Bart. Zai jian! Zai jian

  8. “yi” 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 “liù” “qī” “èr” “bā” “sān” “jiŭ” “sì” “wŭ” “shí”

  9. 1 7 4 5 8 2 3 9 6

  10. 11 12 23 64 59 Yī shí yī Yī shí èr èr shí sān liù shí sì wŭ shí jiŭ

  11. So what is… 1) 73 2) 84 3) 15 4) 96 5) 42

  12. Chinese Characters • lín 林 • Săn • nǚ 女

  13. Chinese Script 你 好 我 Wŏ Nǐ hăo

  14. Which one? b拜 c 我 a狗 1) wŏ 2) hăo 好 姓 妈 你 体 3) nǐ 陈

  15. Trick or treat? • The population of China is: • 1.3 billion • 1 million • 100 million • Mainland China’s largest city by population is: • Beijing • Shanghai • Nanjing

  16. Trick or treat? 3) Zai jian means: • hello • Thank you • Good bye 4) Mingzi means: • What • Name • You

  17. Trick or treat? 5) How many stars are on the Chinese flag? • 3 • 4 • 5 6) Red is a lucky colour for the Chinese. • True • False

  18. Tones Chinese has 4 tones. Watch out! The meanings change!! Compare: 1st tone: mā (mother) 2nd tone: má (numb) 3rd tone: mă (horse) 4th tone: mà ( to tell off)

  19. Saying your name. Informal: Nĭ xìng shénme? Wŏ xìng …(surname) Nĭ jiào shénme míngzi? Wŏ jiào …(first name) Wŏ de míngzi shì…(full name) Formal: Nín gùi xìng?

  20. Asking and giving age To a child: Nĭ jĭ suì? (lit: you how many years?) To an older person: Nĭ duō dà? (lit: you how big?) Answer (for all):Wŏ …… suì

  21. Asking where someone comes from. Nĭ còng năr de? Where are you from? Wŏ còng Yingguo/Zhongguo de Nĭ shì na ge rén? Where are you from? Wŏ shì Yīngguórén/Zhōngguórén Nĭ de jiā zài năr? Where is your home? Wŏ de jiā zài Worcester/Beijing

  22. Family Nĭ de jiā yŏu jĭ kòu rén? Wŏ de jiā yŏu wŭ kòu rén: māma, bàba, jiĕjie, dìdi hé wŏ. Nĭ ne?

  23. Languages Ni hui shuo Yingwen/Zhongwen ma? Ni hui bu hui shuo Yingwen/Zhongwen? Wo hui shuo Yingwen/Zhongwen. Wo ye hui shuo Fayu he Deyu.