1 / 4

Explaining gambling.

Explaining gambling. Bruna and Shaun. Biological. Initiation

Télécharger la présentation

Explaining gambling.

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Explaining gambling. Bruna and Shaun.

  2. Biological Initiation • Genetics – Shah et al and Black et all found pathological gambling genetic. This approach explains gambling as an addiction to adrenaline – the stress of awaiting the outcome of a bet releases the hormone. This adrenaline rush makes a person experience a ‘natural high’, and so more bets are placed to re-live this high. Maintenance • Repeat gambling causes a tolerance to this adrenaline, this can lead to more frequent gambling, or gambling with more money. • There is some evidence that endorphins has released during gambling; these chemicals block pain and negative effects of stress. • Ignores other factors like environment (e.g.: genetics approach doesn’t consider the nurture side of the argument) = Reductionist. • The fact that this approach suggests a genetic pre-disposition makes it hard for rehabilitation. • Sensation seekers – research shows that horse gamblers have lower levels of this. • Genetic pre-disposition to impulsiveness.

  3. Psychodynamic This suggests gambling is driven by masochism – Bergler (58) proposed that gamblers gamble to lose in order to punish themselves. This reduces guilt that they feel from having rebelled against their parents – they identify with casino dealers etc. as their parental figures. • Lacks scientific evidence.

  4. Cognitive Gamblers are driven by faulty reasoning mechanisms. Decision making can be based on rational consideration rules – Wagenaar (88) identified 16 rules that gamblers use when making decisions, these include: • Illusion of control (gamblers think they are skilled; creates high expectations of likely outcome) • Representative bias (believe that the longer a losing steak lasts, the more likely a win will follow = gambler’s fallacy) • Illusory correlations (superstitions that they believe will help them success e.g.: blow on dice) • Fications on the absolute frequency of success (recall past wins and have a false belief on how often they win) • Ignores biological factors which research has shown to have an effect. • Takes into account individual differences

More Related