Objective: To examine the importance of the Lincoln – Douglas debates and the Dred Scott decision. Abraham Lincoln Stephen Douglas Dred Scott
Lincoln – Douglas Debates In 1858, Abraham Lincoln challenged incumbent Stephen Douglas for his seat in the Senate. (Incumbent – the holder of an office or position) Abraham Lincoln (left) and Stephen Douglas (right)
Lincoln – Douglas Debates Stephen Douglas: • Lincoln was wrong for wanting to end slavery. • If Lincoln tried to end slavery, the U.S. could face a civil war. • Douglas believed that each territory should be able to decide on its’ own whether or not to allow slavery by using popular sovereignty.
Lincoln – Douglas Debates Abraham Lincoln: • Lincoln believed that slavery was evil and should be kept out of the territories. • Lincoln believed that African Americans were guaranteed “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”, as stated in the Declaration of Independence.
Illinois in 1858, showing state senate districts (left) and house districts (right)
Lincoln – Douglas Debates Results: • Douglas won the election by a slim margin. • However, Lincoln became well known throughout the nation. Lincoln-Douglas Debates: Video(2:13)
Dred Scott Decision - FACTS: • Dred Scott was a slave from Missouri. (MO) Dred Scott
Dred Scott Decision - FACTS: • Scott and his owner moved to Wisconsin for four years. Dred Scott
Dred Scott Decision - FACTS: • Scott’s owner died after returning to Missouri. Dred Scott
Dred Scott Decision - FACTS: * Scott sued for his freedom. He claimed that he should be a free man since he lived in a free territory (WI) for four years. Dred Scott
SUPREME COURT DECISIONS: Q: Was Scott a U.S. citizen with the right to sue? A:NO Q: Did living in a free territory make Scott a free man? A:NO Q: Did Congress have the right to outlaw slavery in any territory? A:NO
RESULTS: • Dred Scott was not given his freedom. • The Missouri Compromise was found to be unconstitutional. Open to slavery through popular sovereignty (Compromise of 1850) Open to slavery through popular sovereignty (KS-NE Act) Missouri Compromise line is declared unconstitutional (Dred Scott Decision)