Sherwood Primary School Helping to keep your children safe online
Adults often have anxieties about new media… Everything that’s already in the world when you’re born is just normal;
Anything that gets invented between then and before you turn thirty is incredibly exciting and creative and with any luck you can make a career out of it;
“Anything that gets invented after you’re thirty is against the natural order of things and the beginning of the end of civilisation as we know it …until it’s been around for about ten years when it gradually turns out to be alright really.” Douglas Adams
PART 1 Why is internet safety important?
PARENTS Mostly email & web for research YOUNG PEOPLE Interactive chat, IM, Music, Games, Blog Different usage
WEB v 1.0 WEB v 2.0 Changing environment Downloading + Uploading Consuming + Creating + Personal Corporate + Converged media Separate media + Truly interactive Static
IN SCHOOL Supervised, filtered & monitored OUT OF SCHOOL Often no supervision, filtering or monitoring Know IT All • 30% of students report having received no lessons at all on using the internet. • 79% of young people use the internet privately without their parent’s supervision Supervision
KNOWLEDGE Many children pick up technology quicker! WISDOM Understanding how to behave in a virtual world Know IT All 69% of young people say they do mind their parents restricting or monitoring their internet usage! Knowledge vs. Wisdom
Content Contact Commerce Potential risks • 73% of online adverts are not clearly labelled making it difficult for children and adults to recognise them • 57% of 9-19 yr olds have come into contact with online pornography accidentally. • 4 in 10 pupils aged 9-19 trust most of the information on the internet. • 1/3 of young people have received unwanted sexual or nasty comments online. Only 7% of parents think their child has received such comments. • Privacy • Advertising & information • Invasive software • Inaccurate and harmful • Adult content • Illegal content • Inappropriate contact • Cyberbullying • Sex offenders
Commercial risks • Blur between content & advertising • Subtle requests for marketing information- “Tell a friend” • Invasive programmes - adware/popups
Know IT All 20% of children claim they must not fill in online forms, compared with 57% of parents who do not allow it. Commercial risks
Know IT All 57% of 9-19 yr olds have come into contact with online pornography. Only 16% of parents think that their child has seen pornography on the internet. 4 in 10 pupils aged 9-19 trust most of the information on the internet Content viewed • Inaccurate content • Extreme material • Pornography
Know IT All 49% of kids say that they have given out personal information 5% of parents think their child has given out such information Contact risks • Social networking sites • Instant messaging (eg MSN) • P2P (filesharing) • Multi-user online games • Chat rooms
Cyberbullying • Threats and intimidation Threats sent to people by mobile phone, email, or online. • Harassment or stalkingRepeated, prolonged, unwanted contact or monitoring of another person. • Vilification / defamation / prejudice-based bullying These may be general insults or racist, homophobic or sexist bullying. • Ostracising / peer rejection / exclusion Set up of a closed group refusing to acknowledge one user on purpose. • Identity theft, unauthorised access and impersonation‘Hacking’ by finding out or guessing a username and password. • Publicly posting, sending or forwarding information or imagesDisclosing information on a website. • ManipulationMay involve getting people to act or talk in a provocative way. • Safe to Learn: Embedding Anti-bullying Work in Schools. DCSF 2007
Differences • 24/7 contact • No escape at home • Impact Massive potential audience reached rapidly. Potentially stay online forever • Perception of anonymity • More likely to say things online • Profile of target/bully Physical intimidation changed • Some cases are unintentionalBystander effect • Evidence Inherent reporting proof
Examples close to home • ‘Bullying’ videos uploaded • Bullying online through messenger • Blogging as another person • Facebook privacy settings • Chatting online while gaming – gave address • Subscribe / buy online
PART 1 What can parents do?
Tips for helping your child game safely • Check the age rating of the game. For information on game ratings visit the PEGI website. • Join in the fun! • Look for the game’s advice for parents and carers. Games consoles also allow you to set parental controls that can allow you to control things like what games can be played and how long your child can use the console for.
Know who they’re talking to. Many games, even those aimed at younger children like Club Penguin and Moshi Monsters, enable players to have an online profile and communicate with other players • Talk to them about acceptable online behaviour
Searching • It’s easy for children to stumble across things that might upset or disturb them • Change the ‘search settings’ on search engines. These aim to prevent the search engine bringing up results which might not be suitable for children • Note: No filter is 100% accurate and sometimes content slips through the net. Ensure that your child knows to come and tell you if they see something that upsets them.
‘Google it!’ • The most popular search engine in the world is Google and setting ‘search settings’ in Google couldn’t be simpler • Visit the Google home page – www.google.co.uk and click on the ‘search setting’ tab
Sharing • Many of the sites your children will be using encourage them to share bits of information about themselves with others. They might share things like: • Opinions – such as what they like and don’t like • What they are doing • Pictures of themselves • Information about themselves – such as their name and where they live • Videos and music • Watch ‘Jigsaw’ Video
Many mobile phones can now: • Access the internet • Take and share photos and videos –Can share through text message or upload to the internet • Chat with instant messaging, video and text • Share your location – through GPS, many phones can now identify their user’s location in real time. This can then be shared on social networking sites and through other sites and applications. • Play games – children can use their mobile to play games and download new ones, sometimes these can come at a cost. See our playing games section for more advice • Add and buy ‘apps’ – apps are programs that you can add to your phone that enable you to do a wide range of things, from playing simple games to finding up-to-date train times. Some of these apps have a cost.
Mobile phone advice • Parental settings - See Parents’ Sections online (Accessing someone else’s Wifi may mean that your safety settings no longer apply) • Understand what your child’s phone can do • Set a pin code on your child’s phone • Set boundaries and monitor usage • Discuss what they can share • Discuss and monitor costs • Keep their mobilenumber private (only people they know and trust!) • Be prepared in case the phone is lost or stolen Know who to contact to get the SIM card blocked.Every phone has a unique ‘IMEI’ number, make sure you write this down so if the phone is stolen, the police can identify the phone if they find it. You can get this by dialling *#06#.
Checklist of questions for mobiles Mobile Operators Code of Practice Services to protect children that operators are committed to including. Childnet’s Checklist for parents To help parents ensure that these protections are in place. Questions include: How can I turn Bluetooth off? Can I put a bar on premium numbers?
SMART rules SAFE – Keep safe by being careful not to give out personal information – including full name and email address - to people who you don’t trust online. MEETING – Meeting up with someone you have only been in touch with online can be dangerous. Only do so with your parent’s/carer’s permission and even then only when they can be present. ACCEPTING – Accepting e-mails, IM messages or opening files from people you don’t know can be dangerous – they may contain viruses or nasty messages! RELIABLE – Someone online may be lying about who they are, and information you find on the internet may not be true. Check information and advice on other websites, in books or ask someone who may know. TELL – Tell your parent/carer or teacher if someone or something makes you feel uncomfortable or worried, or you or someone you know is being cyberbullied.
How crazy is your online life? • Can I be your friend?
Further information • www.thinkuknow.co.uk