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Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey PowerPoint Presentation
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Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

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Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

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  1. Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  2. Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  3. Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  4. Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  5. 865 Excludes Log Exports 6 82 639 138 213 45 69 16 11 <5 22 3 79 341 319

  6. Manufacturing Location Principles Assume: Profit Maximization Profit = Revenues - Costs Which elements of revenues and costs are variable in space? Input factors, labor, land, energy, services, taxes, …. Other? Transport costs on inputs and products Outcomes: (1) Resource Orientation, (2) Market Orientation, (3) Footloose industry

  7. Forest Products: Historically a Quintessential Resource Oriented Industry Oregon Data from 1955-57: 30% of a typical tree is left in the woods Of the balance: Bark 16% Sawdust 13% Coarse Residue 17% Shavings 8% LUMBER - 46%

  8. Historical Factors Mill Locations Transportation technologies - oxen & skids; steam donkeys & railroads; internal combustion engines; balloons & helicopters. Lumber mills Plywood mills Pulp Mills

  9. Early Mills: Puget Sound & Willamette Valley

  10. The Great Boom & Railroads 1883-1929 Northern Pacific Land Grant

  11. Completion of Northern Pacific Railroad Connection, 1883

  12. Northern Pacific Early Route NP Arrives in Seattle in 1884, 1 year after Tacoma

  13. Great Northern Route – Seattle Terminus completed in 1893

  14. Lots of smaller logging railroads by the turn of the century. Have not located a comprehensive map of them. Mill locations start to shift inland to tap timber supplies away from tidewater

  15. Logging Railroad at Barlow Pass, Turn of the Century

  16. Lumber Production 1850-1929

  17. Note the general decrease in the number of mills by county between 1957 and 1964

  18. Shifting Markets for Western Lumber Producers 1938-1954

  19. Market Locations - Rail Lumber Shipments 1953-1955

  20. Shifting Output and Markets for British Columbia Lumber 1947-1958 Output - mbf 2025 2587 544 2229

  21. Changing Levels of Lumber Production 1947-1996

  22. Lumber Production 1850-2007 2011

  23. Share of Lumber Production 2011

  24. B.C. Coastal vs. Interior Lumber Production 2011

  25. Share of Lumber Production by Region 1947 - 2003 Total Output - mbf 13376 15816 25616 23136 2003 - %’s similar to 1996; output up to 26722

  26. Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  27. Plywood & Paper Mills • Plywood invented in early 20th Century; historic dependence on old-growth “peeler” logs • Pulp and Paper – locations determined by wood supply, pulping technology, wood supplies • Technological change has allowed smaller trees to be peeled into veneer, and has shifted wood supplies to pulp mills to be primarily residuals from lumber and plywood manufacture

  28. Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  29. Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  30. Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  31. Pulp & Paper Mills Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  32. Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  33. Source: 2008 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  34. Pulp Mill Production Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  35. Source: 2008 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  36. Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  37. Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  38. Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  39. Source: 2008 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  40. Source: DNR 2010 Washington Mill Survey

  41. Source: 2008 & 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  42. Log Export Bidding Markets National Forest National Forest Mill 1 Mill 1 Mill2 Mill 2 Owned by Mill 2

  43. Source: 2008 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  44. Source: 2010 DNR Washington Mill Survey

  45. Forest Products Industrial Complex Chips &

  46. Source: WA State Dept. of Natural Resources

  47. Recent Trends in Timber Harvest and Lumber Production